[oracle] How to connect to Oracle 11g database remotely

I have Oracle 11g XE installed on computer A. I can connect through the sql command line using the command connect username/password. I also can send SQL instructions to the Demo database: Select * from demo_customers;

The database is running on localhost of computer A.

I want computer B to connect to computer A's database on localhost. How can I do that?

This question is related to oracle oracle11g

The answer is


Its quite easy on computer a you don't need to do anything just make sure both system are on same network if its not internet access(for this you need static ip). Okay now on computer b go to start menu find configuration under oracle folder click Net Configuration Assistant under that folder when window pop up click Local net configuration option it must be third option.

Now click add and click next in next screen it will ask service name here you need to add oracle global database name of computer A(Normally I use oracle86 for my installation) now click next next screen choose protocol normally its tcp click next in host name enter computer A's name you can found that in my computer properties. Click next don't change port untill you have changed that in Computer A click next and choose test connection now here you can check your connection working or not if the error is username and password not correct then click login credential button and fill correct username and password. If its saying unable to reach computer ot target not found than you must add exception in firewall for 1521 port or just disable firewall on computer A.


You will need to run the lsnrctl utility on server A to start the listener. You would then connect from computer B using the following syntax:

sqlplus username/password@hostA:1521 /XE

The port information is optional if the default of 1521 is used.

Listener configuration documentation here. Remote connection documentation here.


First. It is necessary add static IP address for Computer A AND B. For example in my case Computer A (172.20.14.13) and B (172.20.14.78).

Second. In Computer A with Net Manager add for Listener new address (172.20.14.13) or manually add new record in listener.ora

# listener.ora Network Configuration File: E:\app\user\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\NETWORK\ADMIN\listener.ora
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

SID_LIST_LISTENER =
  (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
      (SID_NAME = CLRExtProc)
      (ORACLE_HOME = E:\app\user\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1)
      (PROGRAM = extproc)
      (ENVS = "EXTPROC_DLLS=ONLY:E:\app\user\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\bin\oraclr11.dll")
    )
  )

LISTENER =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1521))
    )
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = localhost)(PORT = 1521))
    )
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.20.14.13)(PORT = 1521))
    )
  )

ADR_BASE_LISTENER = E:\app\user

Third. With Net Manager create Service Naming with IP address computer B (172.20.14.78) or manually add new record in tnsnames.ora

# tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: E:\app\user\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\NETWORK\ADMIN\tnsnames.ora
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

ALINADB =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS_LIST =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = localhost)(PORT = 1521))
    )
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = alinadb)
    )
  )

LISTENER_ALINADB =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = localhost)(PORT = 1521))


LOCAL =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS_LIST =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.20.14.13)(PORT = 1521))
    )
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = alinadb)
    )
  )

ORACLR_CONNECTION_DATA =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS_LIST =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1521))
    )
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SID = CLRExtProc)
      (PRESENTATION = RO)
    )
  )

ORCL =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS_LIST =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.20.14.78)(PORT = 1521))
    )
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = orcl)
    )
  )

Fourth. In computer B (172.20.14.78) install win64_11gR2_client (For example it is for me in Windows 10 Pro 64 bit )

Five. Create with Net Configuration Assistant listener (localhost) or manually add record in listener.ora

# listener.ora Network Configuration File: F:\app\alinasoft\product\11.2.0\client_1\network\admin\listener.ora
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

    LISTENER =
      (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
        (DESCRIPTION =
          (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = myserver)(PORT = 1521))
          (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1521))
        )
      )

    ADR_BASE_LISTENER = F:\app\alinasoft

Six. With Net Manager create Service Naming with IP address computer A (172.20.14.13) or manually add new record in tnsnames.ora.

SERVER-DB =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS_LIST =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.20.14.13)(PORT = 1521))
    )
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = alinadb)
    )
  )

Seven (Computer A - (172.20.14.13)) for database operations and connectivity from remote clients, the following executables must be added to the Windows Firewall exception list: (see image) Oracle_home\bin\oracle.exe - Oracle Database executable Oracle_home\bin\tnslsnr.exe - Oracle Listener

Eight Allow connections for port 1158 (Computer A - (172.20.14.13)) for Oracle Enterprise Manager (https://172.20.14.13:1158/em/console/logon/logon)

Ninth Allow connections for port 1521 ( in and out) (Computer A - (172.20.14.17))

Tenth In computer B 172.20.14.78 sqlplus /NOLOG CONNECT system/oracle@//172.20.14.13:1521/alinadb

If uses Toad, in my case is enter image description here


I install the Oracle server and it allows to connect from the local machine with no problem. But from another Maclaptop on my home network, it can't connect using either Sql Developer or Sql Plus. After doing some research, I figured out there is this additional step you have to do:

Use the Oracle net manager. Select the Listener. Add the IP address (in my case it is 192.168.1.12) besides of the 127.0.0.1 or localhost.

This will end up add an entry to the [OracleHome]\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\network\admin\listener.ora

  • restart the listener service. (note: for me I reboot machine once to make it work)

  • Use lsnrctl status to verify
    Notice the additional HOST=192.168.1.12 shows up and this is what to make remote connection to work.

    C:\Windows\System32>lsnrctl status
    LSNRCTL for 64-bit Windows: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 05-SEP-2015 13:51:43
    Copyright (c) 1991, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved.
    Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))
    STATUS of the LISTENER


    Alias LISTENER
    Version TNSLSNR for 64-bit Windows: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
    Start Date 05-SEP-2015 13:45:18
    Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 6 min. 24 sec
    Trace Level off
    Security ON: Local OS Authentication
    SNMP OFF
    Listener Parameter File
    D:\oracle11gr2\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\network\admin\listener.ora
    Listener Log File d:\oracle11gr2\diag\tnslsnr\eagleii\listener\alert\log.xml
    Listening Endpoints Summary...
    (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(PIPENAME=\.\pipe\EXTPROC1521ipc)))
    (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=127.0.0.1)(PORT=1521)))
    (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.12)(PORT=1521)))
    Services Summary...
    Service "CLRExtProc" has 1 instance(s).
    Instance "CLRExtProc", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
    Service "xe" has 1 instance(s).
    Instance "xe", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service... Service "xeXDB" has 1 instance(s).
    Instance "xe", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service... The command completed successfully

  • use tnsping to test the connection
    ping the IPv4 address, not the localhost or the 127.0.0.1

C:\Windows\System32>tnsping 192.168.1.12
TNS Ping Utility for 64-bit Windows: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 05-SEP-2015 14:09:11
Copyright (c) 1997, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Used parameter files:
D:\oracle11gr2\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\network\admin\sqlnet.ora

Used EZCONNECT adapter to resolve the alias
Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION=(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.12)(PORT=1521)))
OK (0 msec)


# . /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe/bin/oracle_env.sh  

#  sqlplus /nolog  

SQL> connect sys/password as sysdba                                           

SQL>  EXEC DBMS_XDB.SETLISTENERLOCALACCESS(FALSE);  

SQL> CONNECT sys/password@hostname:1521 as sysdba

First, make sure the listener on database server (computer A) that receives client connection requests is running. To do so, run lsnrctl status command.

In case, if you get TNS:no listener message (see below image), it means listener service is not running. To start it, run lsnrctl start command.

enter image description here

Second, for database operations and connectivity from remote clients, the following executables must be added to the Windows Firewall exception list: (see image)

Oracle_home\bin\oracle.exe - Oracle Database executable

Oracle_home\bin\tnslsnr.exe - Oracle Listener

enter image description here

Finally, install oracle instant client on client machine (computer B) and run:

sqlplus user/password@computerA:port/XE