How is using OnClickListener interface different via XML and Java code?

71

Possible Duplicate:
Difference between OnClick() event and OnClickListener?

I'm semi-new to Android development and when I first started I tried to avoid using the xml layout by any means necessary so some of my earlier projects involve buttons that explicitly create an OnClickListener and implement it as an anonymous inner class. Such as -

final Button button = new Button(this);
button.setText("Click to change second line of text");

OnClickListener buttonListener = new View.OnClickListener() {
    boolean clicked = false;
    int numClicks = 0;

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        if(numClicks > 5) {
            button.setText("STOP IT");
        }
        numClicks++;
        if(clicked == false){
            clicked = true;
            tv2.setText("Text Changed on Button Click");    
        }
        else
        {
            clicked = false;
            tv2.setText("Click again");
        }       
    }
};
button.setOnClickListener(buttonListener);

But as I got more familiar with android, I began to understand the value of the xml layouts and implemented buttons like this

    <Button
    android:id="@+id/button1"
    android:layout_height = "wrap_content"
    android:layout_width ="wrap_content"
    android:text = "lets do this"
    android:onClick = "DoIt"
    />

In the layout xml, where DoIt was defined in the java.

My question is, are these 2 methods functionally the same thing? Is there an OnClickListener being defined by the compiler somewhere behind the scenes? Are there any features you trade off by using one way or the other?

This question is tagged with java android xml android-layout android-button

~ Asked on 2012-01-23 19:10:26

The Best Answer is


173

These are exactly the same. android:onClick was added in API level 4 to make it easier, more Javascript-web-like, and drive everything from the XML. What it does internally is add an OnClickListener on the Button, which calls your DoIt method.

Here is what using a android:onClick="DoIt" does internally:

Button button= (Button) findViewById(R.id.buttonId);
button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        DoIt(v);
    }
});

The only thing you trade off by using android:onClick, as usual with XML configuration, is that it becomes a bit more difficult to add dynamic content (programatically, you could decide to add one listener or another depending on your variables). But this is easily defeated by adding your test within the DoIt method.

~ Answered on 2012-01-23 19:17:48


4

using XML, you need to set the onclick listener yourself. First have your class implements OnClickListener then add the variable Button button1; then add this to your onCreate()

button1 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button1);
button1.setOnClickListener(this);

when you implement OnClickListener you need to add the inherited method onClick() where you will handle your clicks

~ Answered on 2012-01-23 19:21:00


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