[python] Python-Requests close http connection

I was wondering, how do you close a connection with Requests (python-requests.org)?

With httplib it's HTTPConnection.close(), but how do I do the same with Requests?

Code:

r = requests.post("https://stream.twitter.com/1/statuses/filter.json", data={'track':toTrack}, auth=('username', 'passwd'))
for line in r.iter_lines():
    if line:
        self.mongo['db'].tweets.insert(json.loads(line))

This question is related to python http urllib2 httplib python-requests

The answer is


I think a more reliable way of closing a connection is to tell the sever explicitly to close it in a way compliant with HTTP specification:

HTTP/1.1 defines the "close" connection option for the sender to signal that the connection will be closed after completion of the response. For example,

   Connection: close

in either the request or the response header fields indicates that the connection SHOULD NOT be considered `persistent' (section 8.1) after the current request/response is complete.

The Connection: close header is added to the actual request:

r = requests.post(url=url, data=body, headers={'Connection':'close'})

please use response.close() to close to avoid "too many open files" error

for example:

r = requests.post("https://stream.twitter.com/1/statuses/filter.json", data={'track':toTrack}, auth=('username', 'passwd'))
....
r.close()

this works for me:

res = requests.get(<url>, timeout=10).content
requests.session().close()

I came to this question looking to solve the "too many open files" error, but I am using requests.session() in my code. A few searches later and I came up with an answer on the Python Requests Documentation which suggests to use the with block so that the session is closed even if there are unhandled exceptions:

with requests.Session() as s:
    s.get('http://google.com')

If you're not using Session you can actually do the same thing: https://2.python-requests.org/en/master/user/advanced/#session-objects

with requests.get('http://httpbin.org/get', stream=True) as r:
    # Do something

To remove the "keep-alive" header in requests, I just created it from the Request object and then send it with Session

headers = {
'Host' : '1.2.3.4',
'User-Agent' : 'Test client (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu 7.16.3)',
'Accept' : '*/*',
'Accept-Encoding' : 'deflate, gzip',
'Accept-Language' : 'it_IT'
}

url = "https://stream.twitter.com/1/statuses/filter.json"
#r = requests.get(url, headers = headers) #this triggers keep-alive: True
s = requests.Session()
r = requests.Request('GET', url, headers)

On Requests 1.X, the connection is available on the response object:

r = requests.post("https://stream.twitter.com/1/statuses/filter.json",
                  data={'track': toTrack}, auth=('username', 'passwd'))

r.connection.close()

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