[apache] Redirect HTTP to HTTPS on default virtual host without ServerName

On my apache server I'd like to be able to redirect all incoming http requests to the equivalent https request. The catch is that I'd like to be able to do this for my default virtual host without specifying the ServerName and have the redirect work with whatever server name appeared in the request url. I'm hoping for something like this:

NameVirtualHost *:80
<VirtualHost *:80>
    RedirectPermanent / https://%{SERVER_NAME}/

Is this possible using Redirect or will I have to resort to Rewrite?

This question is related to apache http redirect https

The answer is

This is the complete way to omit unneeded redirects, too ;)

These rules are intended to be used in .htaccess files, as a RewriteRule in a *:80 VirtualHost entry needs no Conditions.

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off [OR] 
RewriteCond %{HTTP:X-Forwarded-Proto} !https
RewriteRule ^/(.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [NC,R=301,L]


RewriteEngine on

==> enable the engine at all

RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off [OR]

==> match on non-https connections, or (not setting [OR] would cause an implicit AND !)

RewriteCond %{HTTP:X-Forwarded-Proto} !https

==> match on forwarded connections (proxy, loadbalancer, etc.) without https

RewriteRule ^/(.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [NC,R=301,L]

==> if one of both Conditions match, do the rewrite of the whole URL, sending a 301 to have this 'learned' by the client (some do, some don't) and the L for the last rule.

I have use mkcert to create infinites *.dev.net subdomains & localhost with valid HTTPS/SSL certs (Windows 10 XAMPP & Linux Debian 10 Apache2)

I create the certs on Windows with mkcert v1.4.0 (execute CMD as Administrator):

mkcert -install
mkcert localhost "*.dev.net"

This create in Windows 10 this files (I will install it first in Windows 10 XAMPP)


Overwrite the XAMPP default certs:

copy "localhost+1.pem" C:\xampp\apache\conf\ssl.crt\server.crt
copy "localhost+1-key.pem"  C:\xampp\apache\conf\ssl.key\server.key

Now, in Apache2 for Debian 10, activate SSL & vhost_alias

a2enmod vhosts_alias
a2enmod ssl
a2ensite default-ssl
systemctl restart apache2

For vhost_alias add this Apache2 config:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/999-vhosts_alias.conf

With this content:

<VirtualHost *:80>
   UseCanonicalName Off
   ServerAlias *.dev.net
   VirtualDocumentRoot "/var/www/html/%0/"

Add the site:

a2ensite 999-vhosts_alias

Copy the certs to /root/mkcert by SSH and let overwrite the Debian ones:

systemctl stop apache2

mv /etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem /etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem.bak
mv /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key.bak

cp "localhost+1.pem" /etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
cp "localhost+1-key.pem" /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key

chown root:ssl-cert /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key
chmod 640 /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key

systemctl start apache2

Edit the SSL config

nano /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/default-ssl.conf

At the start edit the file with this content:

<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
    <VirtualHost *:443>

            UseCanonicalName Off
            ServerAlias *.dev.net
            ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost

            # DocumentRoot /var/www/html/
            VirtualDocumentRoot /var/www/html/%0/


Last restart:

systemctl restart apache2

NOTE: donĀ“t forget to create the folders for your subdomains in /var/www/html/


Both works fine. But according to the Apache docs you should avoid using mod_rewrite for simple redirections, and use Redirect instead. So according to them, you should preferably do:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName www.example.com
    Redirect / https://www.example.com/

<VirtualHost *:443>
    ServerName www.example.com
    # ... SSL configuration goes here

The first / after Redirect is the url, the second part is where it should be redirected.

You can also use it to redirect URLs to a subdomain: Redirect /one/ http://one.example.com/

Examples related to apache

Enable PHP Apache2 Switch php versions on commandline ubuntu 16.04 Laravel: PDOException: could not find driver How to deploy a React App on Apache web server Apache POI error loading XSSFWorkbook class How to enable directory listing in apache web server Job for httpd.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status httpd.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details How to enable php7 module in apache? java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient The program can't start because api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll is missing while starting Apache server on my computer

Examples related to http

Access blocked by CORS policy: Response to preflight request doesn't pass access control check Axios Delete request with body and headers? Read response headers from API response - Angular 5 + TypeScript Android 8: Cleartext HTTP traffic not permitted Angular 4 HttpClient Query Parameters Load json from local file with http.get() in angular 2 Angular 2: How to access an HTTP response body? What is HTTP "Host" header? Golang read request body Angular 2 - Checking for server errors from subscribe

Examples related to redirect

React-Router External link Laravel 5.4 redirection to custom url after login How to redirect to another page in node.js How to redirect to an external URL in Angular2? How to redirect to a route in laravel 5 by using href tag if I'm not using blade or any template? Use .htaccess to redirect HTTP to HTTPs How to redirect back to form with input - Laravel 5 Using $window or $location to Redirect in AngularJS yii2 redirect in controller action does not work? Python Requests library redirect new url

Examples related to https

What's the net::ERR_HTTP2_PROTOCOL_ERROR about? Requests (Caused by SSLError("Can't connect to HTTPS URL because the SSL module is not available.") Error in PyCharm requesting website Android 8: Cleartext HTTP traffic not permitted ssl.SSLError: tlsv1 alert protocol version Invalid self signed SSL cert - "Subject Alternative Name Missing" How do I make a https post in Node Js without any third party module? Page loaded over HTTPS but requested an insecure XMLHttpRequest endpoint How to force Laravel Project to use HTTPS for all routes? Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel, despite setting ServerCertificateValidationCallback Use .htaccess to redirect HTTP to HTTPs