if condition in sql server update query

29

I have a SQL server table in which there are 2 columns that I want to update either of their values according to a flag sent to the stored procedure along with the new value, something like:

UPDATE
    table_Name

SET
    CASE
        WHEN @flag = '1' THEN column_A += @new_value
        WHEN @flag = '0' THEN column_B += @new_value
    END AS Total

WHERE
    ID = @ID

What is the correct SQL server code to do so??

This question is tagged with sql sql-server sql-server-2008 stored-procedures

~ Asked on 2013-09-08 10:06:20

The Best Answer is


22

The current answers are fine and should work ok, but what's wrong with the more simple, more obvious, and more maintainable:

IF @flag = 1
    UPDATE table_name SET column_A = column_A + @new_value WHERE ID = @ID;
ELSE
    UPDATE table_name SET column_B = column_B + @new_value WHERE ID = @ID;

This is much easier to read albeit this is a very simple query.

Here's a working example courtesy of @snyder: SqlFiddle.

~ Answered on 2013-09-08 10:15:23


33

Something like this should work:

UPDATE
    table_Name
SET 
  column_A = CASE WHEN @flag = '1' THEN column_A + @new_value ELSE column_A END,
  column_B = CASE WHEN @flag = '0' THEN column_B + @new_value ELSE column_B END
WHERE
    ID = @ID

~ Answered on 2013-09-08 10:09:39


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