How to run only one task in ansible playbook?

194

Is there a way to only run one task in ansible playbook?

For example, in roles/hadoop_primary/tasks/hadoop_master.yml. I have "start hadoop job tracker services" task. Can I just run that one task?

hadoop_master.yml file:

# Playbook for  Hadoop master servers

- name: Install the namenode and jobtracker packages
  apt: name={{item}} force=yes state=latest
  with_items: 
   - hadoop-0.20-mapreduce-jobtracker
   - hadoop-hdfs-namenode
   - hadoop-doc
   - hue-plugins

- name: start hadoop jobtracker services
  service: name=hadoop-0.20-mapreduce-jobtracker state=started
  tags:
   debug

This question is tagged with ansible

~ Asked on 2014-05-30 00:27:15

The Best Answer is


279

You should use tags: as documented in https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/user_guide/playbooks_tags.html


If you have a large playbook it may become useful to be able to run a specific part of the configuration without running the whole playbook.

Both plays and tasks support a “tags:” attribute for this reason.

Example:

tasks:

    - yum: name={{ item }} state=installed
      with_items:
         - httpd
         - memcached
      tags:
         - packages

    - template: src=templates/src.j2 dest=/etc/foo.conf
      tags:
         - configuration

If you wanted to just run the “configuration” and “packages” part of a very long playbook, you could do this:

ansible-playbook example.yml --tags "configuration,packages"

On the other hand, if you want to run a playbook without certain tasks, you could do this:

ansible-playbook example.yml --skip-tags "notification"

You may also apply tags to roles:

roles:
  - { role: webserver, port: 5000, tags: [ 'web', 'foo' ] }

And you may also tag basic include statements:

- include: foo.yml tags=web,foo

Both of these have the function of tagging every single task inside the include statement.

~ Answered on 2014-05-30 04:29:46


97

There is a way, although not very elegant:

  1. ansible-playbook roles/hadoop_primary/tasks/hadoop_master.yml --step --start-at-task='start hadoop jobtracker services'
  2. You will get a prompt: Perform task: start hadoop jobtracker services (y/n/c)
  3. Answer y
  4. You will get a next prompt, press Ctrl-C

~ Answered on 2015-10-21 16:05:30


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