Apache Spark: The number of cores vs. the number of executors

The Solution to Apache Spark: The number of cores vs. the number of executors is


To hopefully make all of this a little more concrete, here’s a worked example of configuring a Spark app to use as much of the cluster as possible: Imagine a cluster with six nodes running NodeManagers, each equipped with 16 cores and 64GB of memory. The NodeManager capacities, yarn.nodemanager.resource.memory-mb and yarn.nodemanager.resource.cpu-vcores, should probably be set to 63 * 1024 = 64512 (megabytes) and 15 respectively. We avoid allocating 100% of the resources to YARN containers because the node needs some resources to run the OS and Hadoop daemons. In this case, we leave a gigabyte and a core for these system processes. Cloudera Manager helps by accounting for these and configuring these YARN properties automatically.

The likely first impulse would be to use --num-executors 6 --executor-cores 15 --executor-memory 63G. However, this is the wrong approach because:

63GB + the executor memory overhead won’t fit within the 63GB capacity of the NodeManagers. The application master will take up a core on one of the nodes, meaning that there won’t be room for a 15-core executor on that node. 15 cores per executor can lead to bad HDFS I/O throughput.

A better option would be to use --num-executors 17 --executor-cores 5 --executor-memory 19G. Why?

This config results in three executors on all nodes except for the one with the AM, which will have two executors. --executor-memory was derived as (63/3 executors per node) = 21. 21 * 0.07 = 1.47. 21 – 1.47 ~ 19.

The explanation was given in an article in Cloudera's blog, How-to: Tune Your Apache Spark Jobs (Part 2).

~ Answered on 2016-06-08 17:59:56


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