Angular (4, 5, 6, 7) - Simple example of slide in out animation on ngIf

47

What is the bare minimum and Angular4's native way to slide in and slide out a container element?

e.g.

<div ngIf="show">
    <!-- Content -->
</div>

Slide In Content (from top to down just like jQuery.slideDown()) when show turns to true.

Slide Out Content (suitably with ease-out effect) when show turns to false.

This question is tagged with angular typescript angular-animations

~ Asked on 2017-11-12 12:41:13

The Best Answer is


142

First some code, then the explanaition. The official docs describing this are here.

import { trigger, transition, animate, style } from '@angular/animations'

@Component({
  ...
  animations: [
    trigger('slideInOut', [
      transition(':enter', [
        style({transform: 'translateY(-100%)'}),
        animate('200ms ease-in', style({transform: 'translateY(0%)'}))
      ]),
      transition(':leave', [
        animate('200ms ease-in', style({transform: 'translateY(-100%)'}))
      ])
    ])
  ]
})

In your template:

<div *ngIf="visible" [@slideInOut]>This element will slide up and down when the value of 'visible' changes from true to false and vice versa.</div>

I found the angular way a bit tricky to grasp, but once you understand it, it quite easy and powerful.

The animations part in human language:

  • We're naming this animation 'slideInOut'.
  • When the element is added (:enter), we do the following:
  • ->Immediately move the element 100% up (from itself), to appear off screen.
  • ->then animate the translateY value until we are at 0%, where the element would naturally be.

  • When the element is removed, animate the translateY value (currently 0), to -100% (off screen).

The easing function we're using is ease-in, in 200 milliseconds, you can change that to your liking.

Hope this helps!

~ Answered on 2017-11-12 13:10:46


33

I answered a very similar question, and here is a way of doing this :

First, create a file where you would define your animations and export them. Just to make it more clear in your app.component.ts

In the following example, I used a max-height of the div that goes from 0px (when it's hidden), to 500px, but you would change that according to what you need.

This animation uses states (in and out), that will be toggle when we click on the button, which will run the animtion.

animations.ts

import { trigger, state, style, transition,
    animate, group, query, stagger, keyframes
} from '@angular/animations';

export const SlideInOutAnimation = [
    trigger('slideInOut', [
        state('in', style({
            'max-height': '500px', 'opacity': '1', 'visibility': 'visible'
        })),
        state('out', style({
            'max-height': '0px', 'opacity': '0', 'visibility': 'hidden'
        })),
        transition('in => out', [group([
            animate('400ms ease-in-out', style({
                'opacity': '0'
            })),
            animate('600ms ease-in-out', style({
                'max-height': '0px'
            })),
            animate('700ms ease-in-out', style({
                'visibility': 'hidden'
            }))
        ]
        )]),
        transition('out => in', [group([
            animate('1ms ease-in-out', style({
                'visibility': 'visible'
            })),
            animate('600ms ease-in-out', style({
                'max-height': '500px'
            })),
            animate('800ms ease-in-out', style({
                'opacity': '1'
            }))
        ]
        )])
    ]),
]

Then in your app.component, we import the animation and create the method that will toggle the animation state.

app.component.ts

import { SlideInOutAnimation } from './animations';

@Component({
  ...
  animations: [SlideInOutAnimation]
})
export class AppComponent  {
  animationState = 'in';

  ...

  toggleShowDiv(divName: string) {
    if (divName === 'divA') {
      console.log(this.animationState);
      this.animationState = this.animationState === 'out' ? 'in' : 'out';
      console.log(this.animationState);
    }
  }
}

And here is how your app.component.html would look like :

<div class="wrapper">
  <button (click)="toggleShowDiv('divA')">TOGGLE DIV</button>
  <div [@slideInOut]="animationState" style="height: 100px; background-color: red;">
  THIS DIV IS ANIMATED</div>
  <div class="content">THIS IS CONTENT DIV</div>
</div>

slideInOut refers to the animation trigger defined in animations.ts

Here is a StackBlitz example I have created : https://angular-muvaqu.stackblitz.io/

Side note : If an error ever occurs and asks you to add BrowserAnimationsModule, just import it in your app.module.ts:

import { BrowserAnimationsModule } from '@angular/platform-browser/animations';

@NgModule({
  imports: [ ..., BrowserAnimationsModule ],
  ...
})

~ Answered on 2017-11-14 07:56:37


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