[scala] How to read files from resources folder in Scala?

I have a folder structure like below:

- main
-- java
-- resources 
-- scalaresources
--- commandFiles 

and in that folders I have my files that I have to read. Here is the code:

def readData(runtype: String, snmphost: String, comstring: String, specificType:  String): Unit = {
  val realOrInvFile = "/commandFiles/snmpcmds." +runtype.trim // these files are under commandFiles folder, which I have to read. 
    try {
      if (specificType.equalsIgnoreCase("Cisco")) {
        val specificDeviceFile: String = "/commandFiles/snmpcmds."+runtype.trim+ ".cisco"
        val realOrInvCmdsList = scala.io.Source.fromFile(realOrInvFile).getLines().toList.filterNot(line => line.startsWith("#")).map{
          //some code 
        val specificCmdsList = scala.io.Source.fromFile(specificDeviceFile).getLines().toList.filterNot(line => line.startsWith("#")).map{
          //some code
    } catch {
      case e: Exception => e.printStackTrace

This question is related to scala scala-collections

The answer is

Onliner solution for Scala >= 2.12

val source_html = Source.fromResource("file.html").mkString

import scala.io.Source

object Demo {

  def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {

    val ipfileStream = getClass.getResourceAsStream("/folder/a-words.txt")
    val readlines = Source.fromInputStream(ipfileStream).getLines
    readlines.foreach(readlines => println(readlines))



For Scala 2.11, if getLines doesn't do exactly what you want you can also copy the a file out of the jar to the local file system.

Here's a snippit that reads a binary google .p12 format API key from /resources, writes it to /tmp, and then uses the file path string as an input to a spark-google-spreadsheets write.

In the world of sbt-native-packager and sbt-assembly, copying to local is also useful with scalatest binary file tests. Just pop them out of resources to local, run the tests, and then delete.

import java.io.{File, FileOutputStream}
import java.nio.file.{Files, Paths}

def resourceToLocal(resourcePath: String) = {
  val outPath = "/tmp/" + resourcePath
  if (!Files.exists(Paths.get(outPath))) {
    val resourceFileStream = getClass.getResourceAsStream(s"/${resourcePath}")
    val fos = new FileOutputStream(outPath)
      Stream.continually(resourceFileStream.read).takeWhile(-1 !=).map(_.toByte).toArray

val filePathFromResourcesDirectory = "google-docs-key.p12"
val serviceAccountId = "[something]@drive-integration-[something].iam.gserviceaccount.com"
val googleSheetId = "1nC8Y3a8cvtXhhrpZCNAsP4MBHRm5Uee4xX-rCW3CW_4"
val tabName = "Favorite Cities"

import spark.implicits
val df = Seq(("Brooklyn", "New York"), 
          ("New York City", "New York"), 
          ("San Francisco", "California")).
          toDF("City", "State")

  option("serviceAccountId", serviceAccountId).
  option("credentialPath", resourceToLocal(filePathFromResourcesDirectory)).

Resources in Scala work exactly as they do in Java. It is best to follow the Java best practices and put all resources in src/main/resources and src/test/resources.

Example folder structure:

+-- build.sbt
+-- src
¦   +-- main
¦       +-- resources
¦       ¦   +-- readme.txt

Scala 2.12.x && 2.13.x reading a resource

To read resources the object Source provides the method fromResource.

import scala.io.Source
val readmeText : Iterator[String] = Source.fromResource("readme.txt").getLines

reading resources prior 2.12 (still my favourite due to jar compatibility)

To read resources you can use getClass.getResource and getClass.getResourceAsStream .

val stream: InputStream = getClass.getResourceAsStream("/readme.txt")
val lines: Iterator[String] = scala.io.Source.fromInputStream( stream ).getLines

nicer error feedback (2.12.x && 2.13.x)

To avoid undebuggable Java NPEs, consider:

import scala.util.Try
import scala.io.Source
import java.io.FileNotFoundException

object Example {

  def readResourceWithNiceError(resourcePath: String): Try[Iterator[String]] = 
      .recover(throw new FileNotFoundException(resourcePath))

good to know

Keep in mind that getResourceAsStream also works fine when the resources are part of a jar, getResource, which returns a URL which is often used to create a file can lead to problems there.

in Production

In production code I suggest to make sure that the source is closed again.

The required file can be accessed as below from resource folder in scala

val file = scala.io.Source.fromFile(s"src/main/resources/app.config").getLines().mkString

For Scala >= 2.12, use Source.fromResource: