return results from a function (javascript, nodejs)

22

Could anyone help me with this code? I need to return a value form a routeToRoom function:

var sys = require('sys');

function routeToRoom(userId, passw) {
    var roomId = 0;
    var nStore = require('nstore/lib/nstore').extend(require('nstore/lib/nstore/query')());
    var users = nStore.new('data/users.db', function() {

        users.find({
            user: userId,
            pass: passw
        }, (function(err, results) {
            if (err) {
                roomId = -1;
            } else {
                roomId = results.creationix.room;
            }
        }
        ));
    });
    return roomId;
}
sys.puts(routeToRoom("alex", "123"));

But I get always: 0

I guess return roomId; is executed before roomId=results.creationix.room. Could someone help me with this code?

This question is tagged with javascript node.js asynchronous

~ Asked on 2011-08-31 10:57:21

The Best Answer is


44

function routeToRoom(userId, passw, cb) {
    var roomId = 0;
    var nStore = require('nstore/lib/nstore').extend(require('nstore/lib/nstore/query')());
    var users = nStore.new('data/users.db', function() {
        users.find({
            user: userId,
            pass: passw
        }, function(err, results) {
            if (err) {
                roomId = -1;
            } else {
                roomId = results.creationix.room;
            }
            cb(roomId);
        });
    });
}
routeToRoom("alex", "123", function(id) {
    console.log(id);    
});

You need to use callbacks. That's how asynchronous IO works. Btw sys.puts is deprecated

~ Answered on 2011-08-31 11:19:01


11

You are trying to execute an asynchronous function in a synchronous way, which is unfortunately not possible in Javascript.

As you guessed correctly, the roomId=results.... is executed when the loading from the DB completes, which is done asynchronously, so AFTER the resto of your code is completed.

Look at this article, it talks about .insert and not .find, but the idea is the same : http://metaduck.com/01-asynchronous-iteration-patterns.html

~ Answered on 2011-08-31 11:01:52


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