Sometimes when I'm doing a little project I'm not careful enough and accidentally add a dependency for a DLL that I am not aware of. When I ship this program to a friend or other people, "it doesn't work" because "some DLL" is missing. This is of course because the program can find the DLL on my system, but not on theirs.
Is there a way to scan an executable for DLL dependencies or execute the program in a "clean" DLL-free environment for testing to prevent these oops situations?
Please refer SysInternal toolkit from Microsoft from below link, https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/downloads/process-explorer
Goto the download folder, Open "Procexp64.exe" as admin privilege. Open Find Menu-> "Find Handle or DLL" option or Ctrl+F shortcut way.
Figure out the full file path to the assembly you're trying to work with
Press the start button, type "dev". Launch the program called "Developer Command Prompt for VS 2017"
In the window that opens, type
dumpbin /dependents [path], where
[path] is the path you figured out in step 1
press the enter key
Bam, you've got your dependency information. The window should look like this:
In the past (i.e. WinXP days), I used to depend/rely on DLL Dependency Walker (depends.exe) but there are times when I am still not able to determine the DLL issue(s). Ideally, we'd like to find out before runtime by inspections but if that does not resolve it (or taking too much time), you can try enabling the "loader snap" as described on http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/11/20/debugging-loadlibrary-failures.aspx and https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/hardware/ff556886(v=vs.85).aspx and briefly mentioned LoadLibrary fails; GetLastError no help
WARNING: I've messed up my Windows in the past fooling around with gflag making it crawl to its knees, you have been forewarned.
Note: "Loader snap" is per-process so the UI enable won't stay checked (use cdb or glfags -i)
The safest thing is have some clean virtual machine, on which you can test your program. On every version you'd like to test, restore the VM to its initial clean value. Then install your program using its setup, and see if it works.
Dll problems have different faces. If you use Visual Studio and dynamically link to the CRT, you have to distribute the CRT DLLs. Update your VS, and you have to distribute another version of the CRT. Just checking dependencies is not enough, as you might miss those. Doing a full install on a clean machine is the only safe solution, IMO.
If you don't want to setup a full-blown test environment and have Windows 7, you can use XP-Mode as the initial clean machine, and XP-More to duplicate the VM.
NDepend was already mentioned by Jesse (if you analyze .NET code) but let's explain exactly how it can help.
Is there a program/script that can scan an executable for DLL dependencies or execute the program in a "clean" DLL-free environment for testing to prevent these oops situations?
In the NDepend Project Properties panel, you can define what application assemblies to analyze (in green) and NDepend will infer Third-Party assemblies used by application ones (in blue). A list of directories where to search application and third-party assemblies is provided.
If a third-party assembly is not found in these directories, it will be in error mode. For example, if I remove the .NET Fx directory
C:\WINDOWS\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319, I can see that .NET Fx third-party assemblies are not resolved:
Disclaimer: I work for NDepend
I can recommend interesting solution for Linux fans. After I explored this solution, I've switched from DependencyWalker to this.
You can use your favorite
ldd over Windows-related
To do this you need to install Cygwin (basic installation, without additional packages required) on your Windows and then just start
Cygwin Terminal. Now you can run your favorite Linux commands, including:
$ ldd your_dll_file.dll
UPD: You can use
ldd also through git bash terminal on Windows. No need to install cygwin in case if you have git already installed.
dumpbin from Visual Studio tools (VC\bin folder) can help here:
dumpbin /dependents your_dll_file.dll
If you have the source code, you can use ndepend.
It's pricey and does a lot more than analyzing dependencies so it might be overkill for what you are looking for.
The pedeps project (https://github.com/brechtsanders/pedeps) has a command line tool (copypedeps) for copying your .exe (or .dll) file(s) along with all the files it depends on. If you do that on the system where the application works, you should be able to ship it with all it's dependancy DLLs.
Please search "depends.exe" in google, it's a tiny utility to handle this.
On your development machine, you can execute the program and run Sysinternals Process Explorer. In the lower pane, it will show you the loaded DLLs and the current paths to them which is handy for a number of reasons. If you are executing off your deployment package, it would reveal which DLLs are referenced in the wrong path (i.e. weren't packaged correctly).
Currently, our company uses Visual Studio Installer projects to walk the dependency tree and output as loose files the program. In VS2013, this is now an extension: https://visualstudiogallery.msdn.microsoft.com/9abe329c-9bba-44a1-be59-0fbf6151054d. We then package these loose files in a more comprehensive installer but at least that setup project all the dot net dependencies and drops them into the one spot and warns you when things are missing.