Stored Procedure parameter default value - is this a constant or a variable

The Solution to Stored Procedure parameter default value - is this a constant or a variable is


It has to be a constant - the value has to be computable at the time that the procedure is created, and that one computation has to provide the value that will always be used.

Look at the definition of sys.all_parameters:

default_value sql_variant If has_default_value is 1, the value of this column is the value of the default for the parameter; otherwise, NULL.

That is, whatever the default for a parameter is, it has to fit in that column.


As Alex K pointed out in the comments, you can just do:

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[problemParam] 
    @StartDate INT = NULL,
    @EndDate INT = NULL
AS  
BEGIN
   SET @StartDate = COALESCE(@StartDate,CONVERT(INT,(CONVERT(CHAR(8),GETDATE()-130,112))))

provided that NULL isn't intended to be a valid value for @StartDate.


As to the blog post you linked to in the comments - that's talking about a very specific context - that, the result of evaluating GETDATE() within the context of a single query is often considered to be constant. I don't know of many people (unlike the blog author) who would consider a separate expression inside a UDF to be part of the same query as the query that calls the UDF.

~ Answered on 2013-01-03 13:29:50


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