[batch-file] Batch file to copy files from one folder to another folder

I have a storage folder on a network in which all users will store their active data on a server. Now that server is going to be replaced by a new one due to place problem so I need to copy sub folders files from the old server storage folder to new server storage folder. I have below ex:

from \Oldeserver\storage\data & files to \New server\storage\data & files.

This question is related to batch-file file-io

The answer is


If you want to copy file not using absolute path, relative path in other words:

Don't forget to write backslash in the path AND NOT slash

Example:

copy children-folder\file.something .\other-children-folder

PS: absolute path can be retrieved using these wildcards called "batch parameters"

@echo off
echo %%~dp0 is "%~dp0"
echo %%0 is "%0"
echo %%~dpnx0 is "%~dpnx0"
echo %%~f1 is "%~f1"
echo %%~dp0%%~1 is "%~dp0%~1"

Check documentation here about copy: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb490886.aspx

And also here for batch parameters documentation: https://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/xp/all/proddocs/en-us/percent.mspx?mfr=true


You can use esentutl to copy (mainly big) files with a progress bar:

esentutl /y "my.file" /d "another.file" /o

the progress bar looks like this:

enter image description here


@echo off

rem The * at the end of the destination file is to avoid File/Directory Internal Question.

rem You can do this for each especific file. (Make sure you already have permissions to the path)
xcopy /Y "\\Oldeserver\storage\data\MyFile01.txt" "\\New server\storage\data\MyFile01.txt"*
pause

rem You can use "copy" instead of "xcopy "for this example.

You may want to take a look at XCopy or RoboCopy which are pretty comprehensive solutions for nearly all file copy operations on Windows.


My favorite one to backup data is:

ROBOCOPY "C:\folder" "C:\new_folder" /mir

/mir is for mirror. You can also use /mov to move files. It reproduce the exact same folder. It can delete/overwrite files as needed. Works great for me. It's way faster than xcopy / copy. It's built in Windows as well.

Source: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc733145.aspx


xcopy.exe is definitely your friend here. It's built into Windows, so its cost is nothing.

Just xcopy /s c:\source d:\target

You'd probably want to tweak a few things; some of the options we also add include these:

  • /s/e - recursive copy, including copying empty directories.
  • /v - add this to verify the copy against the original. slower, but for the paranoid.
  • /h - copy system and hidden files.
  • /k - copy read-only attributes along with files. otherwise, all files become read-write.
  • /x - if you care about permissions, you might want /o or /x.
  • /y - don't prompt before overwriting existing files.
  • /z - if you think the copy might fail and you want to restart it, use this. It places a marker on each file as it copies, so you can rerun the xcopy command to pick up from where it left off.

If you think the xcopy might fail partway through (like when you are copying over a flaky network connection), or that you have to stop it and want to continue it later, you can use xcopy /s/z c:\source d:\target.

Hope this helps.


Just to be clear, when you use xcopy /s c:\source d:\target, put "" around the c:\source and d:\target,otherwise you get error.

ie if there are spaces in the path ie if you have:

"C:\Some Folder\*.txt"

but not required if you have:

C:\SomeFolder\*.txt

Look at rsync based Windows tool NASBackup. It will be a bonus if you are acquainted with rsync commands.


To bypass the 'specify a file name or directory name on the target (F = file, D = directory)?' prompt with xcopy, you can do the following...

echo f | xcopy /f /y srcfile destfile

or for those of us just copying large substructures/folders:

use /i which specifies destination must be a directory if copying more than one file