[javascript] Function is not defined - uncaught referenceerror

I have this uncaught referenceerror function is not defined error which do not understand.

If I have

$(document).ready(function(){
 function codeAddress() {
  var address = document.getElementById("formatedAddress").value;
  geocoder.geocode( { 'address': address}, function(results, status) {
   if (status == google.maps.GeocoderStatus.OK) {
    map.setCenter(results[0].geometry.location);
   }
  });
 }
});

and

<input type="image" src="btn.png" alt="" onclick="codeAddress()" />
<input type="text" name="formatedAddress" id="formatedAddress" value="" />

When I press the button it will return the "uncaught referenceerror".

But if I put the codeAddress() outside the $(document).ready(function(){} then it working fine.

My intention is put the codeAddress() within the document.ready.function.

This question is related to javascript

The answer is


You must write that function body outside the ready();

because ready is used to call a function or to bind a function with binding id like this.

$(document).ready(function() {
    $("Some id/class name").click(function(){
        alert("i'm in");
    });
});

but you can't do this if you are calling "showAmount" function onchange/onclick event

$(document).ready(function() {
    function showAmount(value){
        alert(value);
    }

});

You have to write "showAmount" outside the ready();

function showAmount(value){
    alert(value);//will be called on event it is bind with
}
$(document).ready(function() {
    alert("will display on page load")
});

Please check whether you have provided js references correctly. JQuery files first and then your custom files. Since you are using '$' in your js methods.


One more thing. In my experience this error occurred because there was another error previous to the Function is not defined - uncaught referenceerror.

So, look through the console to see if a previous error exists and if so, correct any that exist. You might be lucky in that they were the problem.


Your issue here is that you're not understanding the scope that you're setting.

You are passing the ready function a function itself. Within this function, you're creating another function called codeAddress. This one exists within the scope that created it and not within the window object (where everything and its uncle could call it).

For example:

var myfunction = function(){
    var myVar = 12345;
};

console.log(myVar); // 'undefined' - since it is within 
                    // the scope of the function only.

Have a look here for a bit more on anonymous functions: http://www.adequatelygood.com/2010/3/JavaScript-Module-Pattern-In-Depth

Another thing is that I notice you're using jQuery on that page. This makes setting click handlers much easier and you don't need to go into the hassle of setting the 'onclick' attribute in the HTML. You also don't need to make the codeAddress method available to all:

$(function(){
    $("#imgid").click(function(){
        var address = $("#formatedAddress").value;
        geocoder.geocode( { 'address': address}, function(results, status) {
           if (status == google.maps.GeocoderStatus.OK) {
             map.setCenter(results[0].geometry.location);
           }
        });
    });  
});

(You should remove the existing onclick and add an ID to the image element that you want to handle)

Note that I've replaced $(document).ready() with its shortcut of just $() (http://api.jquery.com/ready/). Then the click method is used to assign a click handler to the element. I've also replaced your document.getElementById with the jQuery object.


Clearing Cache solved the issue for me or you can open it in another browser

index.js

function myFun() {
    $('h2').html("H999999");
}

index.jsp

<html>
<head>
    <title>Reader</title>
</head>
<body>
<h2>${message}</h2>
<button id="hi" onclick="myFun();" type="submit">Hi</button>
</body>
</html>

The problem is that codeAddress() doesn't have enough scope to be callable from the button. You must declare it outside the callback to ready():

function codeAddress() {
    var address = document.getElementById("formatedAddress").value;
    geocoder.geocode( { 'address': address}, function(results, status) {
        if (status == google.maps.GeocoderStatus.OK) {
            map.setCenter(results[0].geometry.location);
        }
    });
}


$(document).ready(function(){
    // Do stuff here, including _calling_ codeAddress(), but not _defining_ it!
});

Thought I would mention this because it took a while for me to fix this issue and I couldn't find the answer anywhere on SO. The code I was working on worked for a co-worker but not for me (I was getting this same error). It worked for me in Chrome, but not in Edge.

I was able to get it working by clearing the cache in Edge.

This may not be the answer to this specific question, but I thought I would mention it in case it saves someone else a little time.