[cors] What is an opaque response, and what purpose does it serve?

I tried to fetch the URL of an old website, and an error happened:

Fetch API cannot load http://xyz.
No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource.
Origin 'http://abc' is therefore not allowed access.
If an opaque response serves your needs, set the request's mode to 'no-cors'
to fetch the resource with CORS disabled.

I understood the message, and tried to do a request that returns an opaque response:

fetch("http://xyz", {'mode': 'no-cors'})

Ok, it now works... but I can't read it. =\

What's the purpose then, of an opaque response?

This question is related to cors fetch-api

The answer is


There's also solution for Node JS app. CORS Anywhere is a NodeJS proxy which adds CORS headers to the proxied request.

The url to proxy is literally taken from the path, validated and proxied. The protocol part of the proxied URI is optional, and defaults to "http". If port 443 is specified, the protocol defaults to "https".

This package does not put any restrictions on the http methods or headers, except for cookies. Requesting user credentials is disallowed. The app can be configured to require a header for proxying a request, for example to avoid a direct visit from the browser. https://robwu.nl/cors-anywhere.html


javascript is a bit tricky getting the answer, I fixed it by getting the api from the backend and then calling it to the frontend.

public function get_typechange () {

    $ url = "https://........";
    $ json = file_get_contents ($url);
    $ data = json_decode ($ json, true);
    $ resp = json_encode ($data);
    $ error = json_last_error_msg ();
    return $ resp;

}

Opaque responses can't be accessed by JavaScript, but you can still cache them with the Cache API and respond with them in the fetch event handler in a service worker. So they're useful for making your app offline, also for resources that you can't control (e.g. resources on a CDN that doesn't set the CORS headers).