[javascript] Allow only numbers to be typed in a textbox

How to allow only numbers to be written in this textbox ?

<input type="text" class="textfield" value="" id="extra7" name="extra7">

This question is related to javascript

The answer is


You could subscribe for the onkeypress event:

<input type="text" class="textfield" value="" id="extra7" name="extra7" onkeypress="return isNumber(event)" />

and then define the isNumber function:

function isNumber(evt) {
    evt = (evt) ? evt : window.event;
    var charCode = (evt.which) ? evt.which : evt.keyCode;
    if (charCode > 31 && (charCode < 48 || charCode > 57)) {
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

You can see it in action here.


With HTML5 you can do

<input type="number">

You can also use a regex pattern to limit the input text.

<input type="text" pattern="^[0-9]*$" />

You also can use some HTML5 attributes, some browsers might already take advantage of them (type="number" min="0").

Whatever you do, remember to re-check your inputs on the server side: you can never assume the client-side validation has been performed.