[typescript] tsc throws `TS2307: Cannot find module` for a local file

I've got a simple example project using TypeScript: https://github.com/unindented/ts-webpack-example

Running tsc -p . (with tsc version 1.8.10) throws the following:

app/index.ts(1,21): error TS2307: Cannot find module 'components/counter'.
components/button/index.ts(2,22): error TS2307: Cannot find module 'shared/backbone_base_view'.
components/button/index.ts(3,25): error TS2307: Cannot find module 'shared/backbone_with_default_render'.
components/counter/index.ts(2,22): error TS2307: Cannot find module 'shared/backbone_base_view'.
components/counter/index.ts(3,25): error TS2307: Cannot find module 'shared/backbone_with_default_render'.
components/counter/index.ts(4,27): error TS2307: Cannot find module 'shared/backbone_with_subviews'.
components/counter/index.ts(5,20): error TS2307: Cannot find module 'components/button'.

It complains about all imports of local files, like the following:

import Counter from 'components/counter';

If I change it to a relative path it works, but I don't want to, as it makes my life more difficult when moving files around:

import Counter from '../components/counter';

The vscode codebase does not use relative paths, but everything works fine for them, so I must be missing something in my project: https://github.com/Microsoft/vscode/blob/0e81224179fbb8f6fda18ca7362d8500a263cfef/src/vs/languages/typescript/common/typescript.ts#L7-L14

You can check out my GitHub repo, but in case it helps here's the tsconfig.json file I'm using:

  "compilerOptions": {
    "target": "es5",
    "module": "commonjs",
    "noImplicitAny": false,
    "removeComments": false,
    "preserveConstEnums": true,
    "sourceMap": true,
    "outDir": "dist"
  "exclude": [

Funny thing is, building the project through webpack using ts-loader works fine, so I'm guessing it's just a configuration issue...

This question is related to typescript

The answer is

@vladima replied to this issue on GitHub:

The way the compiler resolves modules is controlled by moduleResolution option that can be either node or classic (more details and differences can be found here). If this setting is omitted the compiler treats this setting to be node if module is commonjs and classic - otherwise. In your case if you want classic module resolution strategy to be used with commonjs modules - you need to set it explicitly by using

    "compilerOptions": {
        "moduleResolution": "node"

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