Simple file write function in C++

48

I have this code:

// basic file operations
#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
    writeFile();
}

int writeFile () 
{
  ofstream myfile;
  myfile.open ("example.txt");
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile.close();
  return 0;
}

Why is this not working? it gives me the error:

1>------ Build started: Project: FileRead, Configuration: Debug Win32 ------
1>  file.cpp
1>e:\documents and settings\row\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\fileread\fileread\file.cpp(8): error C3861: 'writeFile': identifier not found
========== Build: 0 succeeded, 1 failed, 0 up-to-date, 0 skipped ==========

and this is just a simple function. I'm using Visual Studio 2010.

This question is tagged with c++

~ Asked on 2012-01-14 16:20:41

The Best Answer is


79

There are two solutions to this. You can either place the method above the method that calls it:

// basic file operations
#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
using namespace std;

int writeFile () 
{
  ofstream myfile;
  myfile.open ("example.txt");
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile.close();
  return 0;
}

int main()
{
    writeFile();
}

Or declare a prototype:

// basic file operations
#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
using namespace std;

int writeFile();

int main()
{
    writeFile();
}

int writeFile () 
{
  ofstream myfile;
  myfile.open ("example.txt");
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile << "Writing this to a file.\n";
  myfile.close();
  return 0;
}

~ Answered on 2012-01-14 16:22:47


12

Your main doesn't know about writeFile() and can't call it.

Move writefile to be before main, or declare a function prototype int writeFile(); before main.

~ Answered on 2012-01-14 16:22:39


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