[asp.net] How ViewBag in ASP.NET MVC works

How does the ASP.NET MVC's ViewBag work? MSDN says it is just an Object, which intrigues me, how does "Magic" properties such as ViewBag.Foo and magic strings ViewBag["Hello"] actually work?

Also, how can I make one and use it in my ASP.NET WebForms app?

Examples would be really appreciated!

This question is related to asp.net asp.net-mvc viewbag

The answer is


It's a dynamic object, meaning you can add properties to it in the controller, and read them later in the view, because you are essentially creating the object as you do, a feature of the dynamic type. See this MSDN article on dynamics. See this article on it's usage in relation to MVC.

If you wanted to use this for web forms, add a dynamic property to a base page class like so:

public class BasePage : Page
{

    public dynamic ViewBagProperty
    {
        get;
        set;
    }
}

Have all of your pages inherit from this. You should be able to, in your ASP.NET markup, do:

<%= ViewBagProperty.X %>

That should work. If not, there are ways to work around it.


public dynamic ViewBag
{
    get
    {
        if (_viewBag == null)
        {
            _viewBag = new DynamicViewData(() => ViewData);
        }

        return _viewBag;
    }
}

ViewBag is a dynamic type that allow you to dynamically set or get values and allow you to add any number of additional fields without a strongly-typed class They allow you to pass data from controller to view. In controller......

public ActionResult Index()
{
    ViewBag.victor = "My name is Victor";
    return View();
}

In view

@foreach(string a in ViewBag.victor)
{
     .........
}

What I have learnt is that both should have the save dynamic name property ie ViewBag.victor


The ViewBag is an System.Dynamic.ExpandoObject as suggested. The properties in the ViewBag are essentially KeyValue pairs, where you access the value by the key. In this sense these are equivalent:

ViewBag.Foo = "Bar";
ViewBag["Foo"] = "Bar";

ViewBag is of type dynamic. More, you cannot do ViewBag["Foo"]. You will get exception - Cannot apply indexing with [] to an expression of type 'System.Dynamic.DynamicObject'.

Internal implementation of ViewBag actually stores Foo into ViewData["Foo"] (type of ViewDataDictionary), so those 2 are interchangeable. ViewData["Foo"] and ViewBag.Foo.

And scope. ViewBag and ViewData are ment to pass data between Controller's Actions and View it renders.


ViewBag is used to pass data from Controller Action to view to render the data that being passed. Now you can pass data using between Controller Action and View either by using ViewBag or ViewData. ViewBag: It is type of Dynamic object, that means you can add new fields to viewbag dynamically and access these fields in the View. You need to initialize the object of viewbag at the time of creating new fields.

e.g: 1. Creating ViewBag: ViewBag.FirstName="John";

  1. Accessing View: @ViewBag.FirstName.

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