[java] How to copy file from one location to another location?

I want to copy a file from one location to another location in Java. What is the best way to do this?


Here is what I have so far:

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FilenameFilter;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
public class TestArrayList {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        File f = new File(
            "D:\\CBSE_Demo\\Demo_original\\fscommand\\contentplayer\\config");
        List<String>temp=new ArrayList<String>();
        temp.add(0, "N33");
        temp.add(1, "N1417");
        temp.add(2, "N331");
        File[] matchingFiles = null;
        for(final String temp1: temp){
            matchingFiles = f.listFiles(new FilenameFilter() {
                public boolean accept(File dir, String name) {
                    return name.startsWith(temp1);
                }
            });
            System.out.println("size>>--"+matchingFiles.length);

        }
    }
}

This does not copy the file, what is the best way to do this?

This question is related to java io

The answer is


Use the New Java File classes in Java >=7.

Create the below method and import the necessary libs.

public static void copyFile( File from, File to ) throws IOException {
    Files.copy( from.toPath(), to.toPath() );
} 

Use the created method as below within main:

File dirFrom = new File(fileFrom);
File dirTo = new File(fileTo);

try {
        copyFile(dirFrom, dirTo);
} catch (IOException ex) {
        Logger.getLogger(TestJava8.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
}

NB:- fileFrom is the file that you want to copy to a new file fileTo in a different folder.

Credits - @Scott: Standard concise way to copy a file in Java?


Using Stream

private static void copyFileUsingStream(File source, File dest) throws IOException {
    InputStream is = null;
    OutputStream os = null;
    try {
        is = new FileInputStream(source);
        os = new FileOutputStream(dest);
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int length;
        while ((length = is.read(buffer)) > 0) {
            os.write(buffer, 0, length);
        }
    } finally {
        is.close();
        os.close();
    }
}

Using Channel

private static void copyFileUsingChannel(File source, File dest) throws IOException {
    FileChannel sourceChannel = null;
    FileChannel destChannel = null;
    try {
        sourceChannel = new FileInputStream(source).getChannel();
        destChannel = new FileOutputStream(dest).getChannel();
        destChannel.transferFrom(sourceChannel, 0, sourceChannel.size());
       }finally{
           sourceChannel.close();
           destChannel.close();
       }
}

Using Apache Commons IO lib:

private static void copyFileUsingApacheCommonsIO(File source, File dest) throws IOException {
    FileUtils.copyFile(source, dest);
}

Using Java SE 7 Files class:

private static void copyFileUsingJava7Files(File source, File dest) throws IOException {
    Files.copy(source.toPath(), dest.toPath());
}

Or try Googles Guava :

https://github.com/google/guava

docs: https://guava.dev/releases/snapshot-jre/api/docs/com/google/common/io/Files.html

Compare time:

    File source = new File("/Users/sidikov/tmp/source.avi");
    File dest = new File("/Users/sidikov/tmp/dest.avi");


    //copy file conventional way using Stream
    long start = System.nanoTime();
    copyFileUsingStream(source, dest);
    System.out.println("Time taken by Stream Copy = "+(System.nanoTime()-start));
     
    //copy files using java.nio FileChannel
    source = new File("/Users/sidikov/tmp/sourceChannel.avi");
    dest = new File("/Users/sidikov/tmp/destChannel.avi");
    start = System.nanoTime();
    copyFileUsingChannel(source, dest);
    System.out.println("Time taken by Channel Copy = "+(System.nanoTime()-start));
     
    //copy files using apache commons io
    source = new File("/Users/sidikov/tmp/sourceApache.avi");
    dest = new File("/Users/sidikov/tmp/destApache.avi");
    start = System.nanoTime();
    copyFileUsingApacheCommonsIO(source, dest);
    System.out.println("Time taken by Apache Commons IO Copy = "+(System.nanoTime()-start));
     
    //using Java 7 Files class
    source = new File("/Users/sidikov/tmp/sourceJava7.avi");
    dest = new File("/Users/sidikov/tmp/destJava7.avi");
    start = System.nanoTime();
    copyFileUsingJava7Files(source, dest);
    System.out.println("Time taken by Java7 Files Copy = "+(System.nanoTime()-start));

Files.exists()

Files.createDirectory()

Files.copy()

Overwriting Existing Files: Files.move()

Files.delete()

Files.walkFileTree() enter link description here


Copy a file from one location to another location means,need to copy the whole content to another location.Files.copy(Path source, Path target, CopyOption... options) throws IOException this method expects source location which is original file location and target location which is a new folder location with destination same type file(as original). Either Target location needs to exist in our system otherwise we need to create a folder location and then in that folder location we need to create a file with the same name as original filename.Then using copy function we can easily copy a file from one location to other.

 public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
                String destFolderPath = "D:/TestFile/abc";
                String fileName = "pqr.xlsx";
                String sourceFilePath= "D:/TestFile/xyz.xlsx";
                File f = new File(destFolderPath);
                if(f.mkdir()){
                    System.out.println("Directory created!!!!");
                }
                else {
                    System.out.println("Directory Exists!!!!");
                }
                f= new File(destFolderPath,fileName);
                if(f.createNewFile())   {

                    System.out.println("File Created!!!!");
                }   else {
                    System.out.println("File exists!!!!");
                }

                Files.copy(Paths.get(sourceFilePath), Paths.get(destFolderPath, fileName),REPLACE_EXISTING);
                System.out.println("Copy done!!!!!!!!!!!!!!");


            }

  public static void copyFile(File oldLocation, File newLocation) throws IOException {
        if ( oldLocation.exists( )) {
            BufferedInputStream  reader = new BufferedInputStream( new FileInputStream(oldLocation) );
            BufferedOutputStream  writer = new BufferedOutputStream( new FileOutputStream(newLocation, false));
            try {
                byte[]  buff = new byte[8192];
                int numChars;
                while ( (numChars = reader.read(  buff, 0, buff.length ) ) != -1) {
                    writer.write( buff, 0, numChars );
                }
            } catch( IOException ex ) {
                throw new IOException("IOException when transferring " + oldLocation.getPath() + " to " + newLocation.getPath());
            } finally {
                try {
                    if ( reader != null ){                      
                        writer.close();
                        reader.close();
                    }
                } catch( IOException ex ){
                    Log.e(TAG, "Error closing files when transferring " + oldLocation.getPath() + " to " + newLocation.getPath() ); 
                }
            }
        } else {
            throw new IOException("Old location does not exist when transferring " + oldLocation.getPath() + " to " + newLocation.getPath() );
        }
    }