Programs & Examples On #Ontology

Ontology is a formal representation of knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain, and the relationships between those concepts. Those concepts and relationships create graph-structures and can be described by the lattice theory or other mathematical models.

How to get raw text from pdf file using java

Extracting all keywords from PDF(from a web page) file on your local machine or Base64 encoded string:

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.PDDocument;
import org.apache.pdfbox.text.PDFTextStripper;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

public class WebPagePdfExtractor {

    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        WebPagePdfExtractor webPagePdfExtractor = new WebPagePdfExtractor();

        System.out.println("From file:   " + webPagePdfExtractor.processRecord(createByteArray()).get("text"));

        System.out.println("From string: " + webPagePdfExtractor.processRecord(getArrayFromBase64EncodedString()).get("text"));
    }

    public Map<String, Object> processRecord(byte[] byteArray) {
        Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<>();
        try {
            PDFTextStripper stripper = new PDFTextStripper();
            stripper.setSortByPosition(false);
            stripper.setShouldSeparateByBeads(true);

            PDDocument document = PDDocument.load(byteArray);
            String text = stripper.getText(document);
            map.put("text", text.replaceAll("\n|\r|\t", " "));
        } catch (Exception exception) {
            exception.printStackTrace();
        }
        return map;
    }

    private static byte[] getArrayFromBase64EncodedString() {
        String encodedContent = "data:application/pdf;base64,JVBERi0xLjMKJcTl8uXrp/Og0MTGCjQgMCBvYmoKPDwgL0xlbmd0aCA1IDAgUiAvRmlsdGVyIC9GbGF0ZURlY29kZSA+PgpzdHJlYW0KeAGF0E0OgjAQBeA9p3hL3UCHlha2Gg9A0sS1AepPxIDl/rFFErVESDddvPlm8nqU6EFpzARjBCVkLHNkipBzPBsc8UCyt4TKgmCr/9HI+GDqg2x8Luzk8UtfYwX5DVWLnQaLmd+qHTsF3V5QEekWidZuDNpgc7L1FvqGg35fOzPlqslFYJrzZdnkq6YI77TXtrs3GBo7oKvNss9mfhT0IAV+e6CUL5pSTWb0t1tVBKbI5McsXxNmciYKZW5kc3RyZWFtCmVuZG9iago1IDAgb2JqCjE4NQplbmRvYmoKMiAwIG9iago8PCAvVHlwZSAvUGFnZSAvUGFyZW50IDMgMCBSIC9SZXNvdXJjZXMgNiAwIFIgL0NvbnRlbnRzIDQgMCBSIC9NZWRpYUJveCBbMCAwIDU5NSA4NDJdC" +
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        String content = encodedContent.substring("data:application/pdf;base64," .length());
        return Base64.decodeBase64(content);
    }

    public static byte[] createByteArray() {
        String pathToBinaryData = "/bla-bla/src/main/resources/small.pdf";

        File file = new File(pathToBinaryData);
        if (!file.exists()) {
            System.out.println(" could not be found in folder " + pathToBinaryData);
            return null;
        }

        FileInputStream fin = null;
        try {
            fin = new FileInputStream(file);
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        byte fileContent[] = new byte[(int) file.length()];

        try {
            fin.read(fileContent);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return fileContent;
    }
}

Parsing XML with namespace in Python via 'ElementTree'

Here's how to do this with lxml without having to hard-code the namespaces or scan the text for them (as Martijn Pieters mentions):

from lxml import etree
tree = etree.parse("filename")
root = tree.getroot()
root.findall('owl:Class', root.nsmap)

UPDATE:

5 years later I'm still running into variations of this issue. lxml helps as I showed above, but not in every case. The commenters may have a valid point regarding this technique when it comes merging documents, but I think most people are having difficulty simply searching documents.

Here's another case and how I handled it:

<?xml version="1.0" ?><Tag1 xmlns="http://www.mynamespace.com/prefix">
<Tag2>content</Tag2></Tag1>

xmlns without a prefix means that unprefixed tags get this default namespace. This means when you search for Tag2, you need to include the namespace to find it. However, lxml creates an nsmap entry with None as the key, and I couldn't find a way to search for it. So, I created a new namespace dictionary like this

namespaces = {}
# response uses a default namespace, and tags don't mention it
# create a new ns map using an identifier of our choice
for k,v in root.nsmap.iteritems():
    if not k:
        namespaces['myprefix'] = v
e = root.find('myprefix:Tag2', namespaces)

How to add a local repo and treat it as a remote repo

It appears that your format is incorrect:

If you want to share a locally created repository, or you want to take contributions from someone elses repository - if you want to interact in any way with a new repository, it's generally easiest to add it as a remote. You do that by running git remote add [alias] [url]. That adds [url] under a local remote named [alias].

#example
$ git remote
$ git remote add github [email protected]:schacon/hw.git
$ git remote -v

http://gitref.org/remotes/#remote

What are the differences between a program and an application?

Without more information about the question, the terms 'program' and 'application' are nearly synonymous.

As Saif has indicated, 'application' tends to be used more for non-system related programs. That being said, I don't think it's wrong to describe the operating system as an special application that provides an environment in which to run other applications.

How to configure socket connect timeout

it might be too late but there is neat solution based on Task.WaitAny (c# 5 +) :

 public static bool ConnectWithTimeout(this Socket socket, string host, int port, int timeout)
        {
            bool connected = false;
            Task result = socket.ConnectAsync(host, port);               
            int index = Task.WaitAny(new[] { result }, timeout);
            connected = socket.Connected;
            if (!connected) {
              socket.Close();
            }

            return connected;
        }

Can't install gems on OS X "El Capitan"

As it have been said, the issue comes from a security function of Mac OSX since "El Capitan".

Using the default system Ruby, the install process happens in the /Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0 directory which is not available to the user and gives the error.

You can have a look to your Ruby environments parameters with the command

$ gem env

There is an INSTALLATION DIRECTORY and a USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY. To use the user installation directory instead of the default installation directory, you can use --user-install parameter instead as using sudo which is never a recommanded way of doing.

$ gem install myGemName --user-install

There should not be any rights issue anymore in the process. The gems are then installed in the user directory : ~/.gem/Ruby/2.0.0/bin

But to make the installed gems available, this directory should be available in your path. According to the Ruby’s faq, you can add the following line to your ~/.bash_profile or ~/.bashrc

if which ruby >/dev/null && which gem >/dev/null; then
    PATH="$(ruby -rubygems -e 'puts Gem.user_dir')/bin:$PATH"
fi

Then close and reload your terminal or reload your .bash_profile or .bashrc (. ~/.bash_profile)

How to find day of week in php in a specific timezone

I think this is the correct answer, just change Europe/Stockholm to the users time-zone.

$dateTime = new \DateTime(
    'now',
    new \DateTimeZone('Europe/Stockholm')
);
$day = $dateTime->format('N');

ISO-8601 numeric representation of the day of the week (added in PHP 5.1.0) 1 (for Monday) through 7 (for Sunday)

http://php.net/manual/en/function.date.php

For a list of supported time-zones, see http://php.net/manual/en/timezones.php

How can I add a username and password to Jenkins?

If installed as an admin, use:-

uname - admin
pw - the passkey that was generated during installation

Save Dataframe to csv directly to s3 Python

I read a csv with two columns from bucket s3, and the content of the file csv i put in pandas dataframe.

Example:

config.json

{
  "credential": {
    "access_key":"xxxxxx",
    "secret_key":"xxxxxx"
}
,
"s3":{
       "bucket":"mybucket",
       "key":"csv/user.csv"
   }
}

cls_config.json

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import os
import json

class cls_config(object):

    def __init__(self,filename):

        self.filename = filename


    def getConfig(self):

        fileName = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), self.filename)
        with open(fileName) as f:
        config = json.load(f)
        return config

cls_pandas.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import pandas as pd
import io

class cls_pandas(object):

    def __init__(self):
        pass

    def read(self,stream):

        df = pd.read_csv(io.StringIO(stream), sep = ",")
        return df

cls_s3.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import boto3
import json

class cls_s3(object):

    def  __init__(self,access_key,secret_key):

        self.s3 = boto3.client('s3', aws_access_key_id=access_key, aws_secret_access_key=secret_key)

    def getObject(self,bucket,key):

        read_file = self.s3.get_object(Bucket=bucket, Key=key)
        body = read_file['Body'].read().decode('utf-8')
        return body

test.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

from cls_config import *
from cls_s3 import *
from cls_pandas import *

class test(object):

    def __init__(self):
        self.conf = cls_config('config.json')

    def process(self):

        conf = self.conf.getConfig()

        bucket = conf['s3']['bucket']
        key = conf['s3']['key']

        access_key = conf['credential']['access_key']
        secret_key = conf['credential']['secret_key']

        s3 = cls_s3(access_key,secret_key)
        ob = s3.getObject(bucket,key)

        pa = cls_pandas()
        df = pa.read(ob)

        print df

if __name__ == '__main__':
    test = test()
    test.process()

Open window in JavaScript with HTML inserted

I would not recomend you to use document.write as others suggest, because if you will open such window twice your HTML will be duplicated 2 times (or more).

Use innerHTML instead

var win = window.open("", "Title", "toolbar=no,location=no,directories=no,status=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=yes,resizable=yes,width=780,height=200,top="+(screen.height-400)+",left="+(screen.width-840));
win.document.body.innerHTML = "HTML";

Why does AngularJS include an empty option in select?

We can use CSS to hide the first option , But it wont work in IE 10, 11. The best way is to remove the element using Jquery. This solution works for major browser tested in chrome and IE10 ,11

Also if you are using angular , sometime using setTimeout works

$scope.RemoveFirstOptionElement = function (element) {
    setTimeout(function () {
        $(element.children()[0]).remove();
    }, 0);
};

Custom UITableViewCell from nib in Swift

Swift 4

Register Nib

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    tblMissions.register(UINib(nibName: "MissionCell", bundle: nil), forCellReuseIdentifier: "MissionCell")
}

In TableView DataSource

func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {
          guard let cell = tableView.dequeueReusableCell(withIdentifier: "MissionCell", for: indexPath) as? MissionCell else { return UITableViewCell() }
          return cell
    }

How to change button text in Swift Xcode 6?

It is now this For swift 3,

    let button = (sender as AnyObject)
    button.setTitle("Your text", for: .normal)

(The constant declaration of the variable is not necessary just make sure you use the sender from the button like this) :

    (sender as AnyObject).setTitle("Your text", for: .normal)

Remember this is used inside the IBAction of your button.

Google Maps API 3 - Custom marker color for default (dot) marker

I tried for a long time to improve vokimon's drawn marker and make it more similar to Google Maps one (and pretty much succeeded). This is the code I got:

let circle=true;

path = 'M 0,0  C -0.7,-9 -3,-14 -5.5,-18.5 '+   
'A 16,16 0 0,1 -11,-29 '+  
'A 11,11 0 1,1 11,-29 '+  
'A 16,16 0 0,1 5.5,-18.5 '+  
'C 3,-14 0.7,-9 0,0 z '+  
['', 'M -2,-28 '+  
'a 2,2 0 1,1 4,0 2,2 0 1,1 -4,0'][new Number(circle)];   

I also scaled it by 0.8.

Graphical DIFF programs for linux

Subclipse for Eclipse has an excellent graphical diff plugin if you are using SVN (subversion) source control.

Kubernetes how to make Deployment to update image

Another option which is more suitable for debugging but worth mentioning is to check in revision history of your rollout:

$ kubectl rollout history deployment my-dep
deployment.apps/my-dep
 
REVISION  CHANGE-CAUSE
1         <none>
2         <none>
3         <none>

To see the details of each revision, run:

 kubectl rollout history deployment my-dep --revision=2

And then returning to the previous revision by running:

 $kubectl rollout undo deployment my-dep --to-revision=2

And then returning back to the new one.
Like running ctrl+z -> ctrl+y (:

(*) The CHANGE-CAUSE is <none> because you should run the updates with the --record flag - like mentioned here:

kubectl set image deployment/nginx-deployment nginx=nginx:1.16.1 --record

(**) There is a discussion regarding deprecating this flag.

How can I display the users profile pic using the facebook graph api?

You can also resize the profile picture by providing parameters as shown below.

https://graph.facebook.com/[UID]/picture?width=140&height=140

would work too.

Retrieving the last record in each group - MySQL

MySQL 8.0 now supports windowing functions, like almost all popular SQL implementations. With this standard syntax, we can write greatest-n-per-group queries:

WITH ranked_messages AS (
  SELECT m.*, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY name ORDER BY id DESC) AS rn
  FROM messages AS m
)
SELECT * FROM ranked_messages WHERE rn = 1;

Below is the original answer I wrote for this question in 2009:


I write the solution this way:

SELECT m1.*
FROM messages m1 LEFT JOIN messages m2
 ON (m1.name = m2.name AND m1.id < m2.id)
WHERE m2.id IS NULL;

Regarding performance, one solution or the other can be better, depending on the nature of your data. So you should test both queries and use the one that is better at performance given your database.

For example, I have a copy of the StackOverflow August data dump. I'll use that for benchmarking. There are 1,114,357 rows in the Posts table. This is running on MySQL 5.0.75 on my Macbook Pro 2.40GHz.

I'll write a query to find the most recent post for a given user ID (mine).

First using the technique shown by @Eric with the GROUP BY in a subquery:

SELECT p1.postid
FROM Posts p1
INNER JOIN (SELECT pi.owneruserid, MAX(pi.postid) AS maxpostid
            FROM Posts pi GROUP BY pi.owneruserid) p2
  ON (p1.postid = p2.maxpostid)
WHERE p1.owneruserid = 20860;

1 row in set (1 min 17.89 sec)

Even the EXPLAIN analysis takes over 16 seconds:

+----+-------------+------------+--------+----------------------------+-------------+---------+--------------+---------+-------------+
| id | select_type | table      | type   | possible_keys              | key         | key_len | ref          | rows    | Extra       |
+----+-------------+------------+--------+----------------------------+-------------+---------+--------------+---------+-------------+
|  1 | PRIMARY     | <derived2> | ALL    | NULL                       | NULL        | NULL    | NULL         |   76756 |             | 
|  1 | PRIMARY     | p1         | eq_ref | PRIMARY,PostId,OwnerUserId | PRIMARY     | 8       | p2.maxpostid |       1 | Using where | 
|  2 | DERIVED     | pi         | index  | NULL                       | OwnerUserId | 8       | NULL         | 1151268 | Using index | 
+----+-------------+------------+--------+----------------------------+-------------+---------+--------------+---------+-------------+
3 rows in set (16.09 sec)

Now produce the same query result using my technique with LEFT JOIN:

SELECT p1.postid
FROM Posts p1 LEFT JOIN posts p2
  ON (p1.owneruserid = p2.owneruserid AND p1.postid < p2.postid)
WHERE p2.postid IS NULL AND p1.owneruserid = 20860;

1 row in set (0.28 sec)

The EXPLAIN analysis shows that both tables are able to use their indexes:

+----+-------------+-------+------+----------------------------+-------------+---------+-------+------+--------------------------------------+
| id | select_type | table | type | possible_keys              | key         | key_len | ref   | rows | Extra                                |
+----+-------------+-------+------+----------------------------+-------------+---------+-------+------+--------------------------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | p1    | ref  | OwnerUserId                | OwnerUserId | 8       | const | 1384 | Using index                          | 
|  1 | SIMPLE      | p2    | ref  | PRIMARY,PostId,OwnerUserId | OwnerUserId | 8       | const | 1384 | Using where; Using index; Not exists | 
+----+-------------+-------+------+----------------------------+-------------+---------+-------+------+--------------------------------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Here's the DDL for my Posts table:

CREATE TABLE `posts` (
  `PostId` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `PostTypeId` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL,
  `AcceptedAnswerId` bigint(20) unsigned default NULL,
  `ParentId` bigint(20) unsigned default NULL,
  `CreationDate` datetime NOT NULL,
  `Score` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
  `ViewCount` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
  `Body` text NOT NULL,
  `OwnerUserId` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL,
  `OwnerDisplayName` varchar(40) default NULL,
  `LastEditorUserId` bigint(20) unsigned default NULL,
  `LastEditDate` datetime default NULL,
  `LastActivityDate` datetime default NULL,
  `Title` varchar(250) NOT NULL default '',
  `Tags` varchar(150) NOT NULL default '',
  `AnswerCount` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
  `CommentCount` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
  `FavoriteCount` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
  `ClosedDate` datetime default NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`PostId`),
  UNIQUE KEY `PostId` (`PostId`),
  KEY `PostTypeId` (`PostTypeId`),
  KEY `AcceptedAnswerId` (`AcceptedAnswerId`),
  KEY `OwnerUserId` (`OwnerUserId`),
  KEY `LastEditorUserId` (`LastEditorUserId`),
  KEY `ParentId` (`ParentId`),
  CONSTRAINT `posts_ibfk_1` FOREIGN KEY (`PostTypeId`) REFERENCES `posttypes` (`PostTypeId`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB;

What's the difference between 'r+' and 'a+' when open file in python?

One difference is for r+ if the files does not exist, it'll not be created and open fails. But in case of a+ the file will be created if it does not exist.

Using %s in C correctly - very basic level

void myfunc(void)
{
    char* text = "Hello World";
    char  aLetter = 'C';

    printf("%s\n", text);
    printf("%c\n", aLetter);
}

Call angularjs function using jquery/javascript

Your plunker is firing off

angular.element(document.getElementById('MyController')).scope().myfunction('test');

Before anything is rendered.

You can verify that by wrapping it in a timeout

setTimeout(function() {
   angular.element(document.getElementById('MyController')).scope().myfunction('test');    
}, 1000);

You also need to acutally add an ID to your div.

<div ng-app='MyModule' ng-controller="MyController" id="MyController">

CONVERT Image url to Base64

<input id="inputFileToLoad" type="file" onchange="encodeImageFileAsURL();" />
<div id="imgTest"></div>
<script type='text/javascript'>
  function encodeImageFileAsURL() {

    var filesSelected = document.getElementById("inputFileToLoad").files;
    if (filesSelected.length > 0) {
      var fileToLoad = filesSelected[0];

      var fileReader = new FileReader();

      fileReader.onload = function(fileLoadedEvent) {
        var srcData = fileLoadedEvent.target.result; // <--- data: base64

        var newImage = document.createElement('img');
        newImage.src = srcData;

        document.getElementById("imgTest").innerHTML = newImage.outerHTML;
        alert("Converted Base64 version is " + document.getElementById("imgTest").innerHTML);
        console.log("Converted Base64 version is " + document.getElementById("imgTest").innerHTML);
      }
      fileReader.readAsDataURL(fileToLoad);
    }
  }
</script>

Tensorflow installation error: not a supported wheel on this platform

I was trying to do the windows-based install and kept getting this error.

Turns out you have to have python 3.5.2. Not 2.7, not 3.6.x-- nothing other than 3.5.2.

After installing python 3.5.2 the pip install worked.

How to set ObjectId as a data type in mongoose

Unlike traditional RBDMs, mongoDB doesn't allow you to define any random field as the primary key, the _id field MUST exist for all standard documents.

For this reason, it doesn't make sense to create a separate uuid field.

In mongoose, the ObjectId type is used not to create a new uuid, rather it is mostly used to reference other documents.

Here is an example:

var mongoose = require('mongoose');

var Schema = mongoose.Schema,
    ObjectId = Schema.ObjectId;
var Schema_Product = new Schema({
    categoryId  : ObjectId, // a product references a category _id with type ObjectId
    title       : String,
    price       : Number
});

As you can see, it wouldn't make much sense to populate categoryId with a ObjectId.

However, if you do want a nicely named uuid field, mongoose provides virtual properties that allow you to proxy (reference) a field.

Check it out:

var mongoose = require('mongoose');

var Schema = mongoose.Schema,
    ObjectId = Schema.ObjectId;
var Schema_Category = new Schema({
    title       : String,
    sortIndex   : String
});

Schema_Category.virtual('categoryId').get(function() {
    return this._id;
});

So now, whenever you call category.categoryId, mongoose just returns the _id instead.

You can also create a "set" method so that you can set virtual properties, check out this link for more info

Connecting to SQL Server with Visual Studio Express Editions

If you are using this to get a LINQ to SQL which I do and wanted for my Visual Developer, 1) get the free Visual WEB Developer, use that to connect to SQL Server instance, create your LINQ interface, then copy the generated files into your Vis-Dev project (I don't use VD because it sounds funny). Include only the *.dbml files. The Vis-Dev environment will take a second or two to recognize the supporting files. It is a little extra step but for sure better than doing it by hand or giving up on it altogether or EVEN WORSE, paying for it. Mooo ha ha haha.

Explanation of "ClassCastException" in Java

You are trying to treat an object as an instance of a class that it is not. It's roughly analogous to trying to press the damper pedal on a guitar (pianos have damper pedals, guitars don't).

Using an array from Observable Object with ngFor and Async Pipe Angular 2

If you don't have an array but you are trying to use your observable like an array even though it's a stream of objects, this won't work natively. I show how to fix this below assuming you only care about adding objects to the observable, not deleting them.

If you are trying to use an observable whose source is of type BehaviorSubject, change it to ReplaySubject then in your component subscribe to it like this:

Component

this.messages$ = this.chatService.messages$.pipe(scan((acc, val) => [...acc, val], []));

Html

<div class="message-list" *ngFor="let item of messages$ | async">

How can I select an element with multiple classes in jQuery?

your code $(".a, .b") will work for below multiple elements (at a same time)

<element class="a">
<element class="b">

if you want to select element having a and b both class like <element class="a b"> than use js without coma

$('.a.b')

jQuery: Count number of list elements?

and of course the following:

var count = $("#myList").children().length;

can be condensed down to: (by removing the 'var' which is not necessary to set a variable)

count = $("#myList").children().length;

however this is cleaner:

count = $("#mylist li").size();

TINYTEXT, TEXT, MEDIUMTEXT, and LONGTEXT maximum storage sizes

Rising to @Ankan-Zerob's challenge, this is my estimate of the maximum length which can be stored in each text type measured in words:

      Type |         Bytes | English words | Multi-byte words
-----------+---------------+---------------+-----------------
  TINYTEXT |           255 |           ±44 |              ±23
      TEXT |        65,535 |       ±11,000 |           ±5,900
MEDIUMTEXT |    16,777,215 |    ±2,800,000 |       ±1,500,000
  LONGTEXT | 4,294,967,295 |  ±740,000,000 |     ±380,000,000

In English, 4.8 letters per word is probably a good average (eg norvig.com/mayzner.html), though word lengths will vary according to domain (e.g. spoken language vs. academic papers), so there's no point being too precise. English is mostly single-byte ASCII characters, with very occasional multi-byte characters, so close to one-byte-per-letter. An extra character has to be allowed for inter-word spaces, so I've rounded down from 5.8 bytes per word. Languages with lots of accents such as say Polish would store slightly fewer words, as would e.g. German with longer words.

Languages requiring multi-byte characters such as Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Hindi, Thai, etc, etc typically require two bytes per character in UTF-8. Guessing wildly at 5 letters per word, I've rounded down from 11 bytes per word.

CJK scripts (Hanzi, Kanji, Hiragana, Katakana, etc) I know nothing of; I believe characters mostly require 3 bytes in UTF-8, and (with massive simplification) they might be considered to use around 2 characters per word, so they would be somewhere between the other two. (CJK scripts are likely to require less storage using UTF-16, depending).

This is of course ignoring storage overheads etc.

String replacement in Objective-C

It also posible string replacement with stringByReplacingCharactersInRange:withString:

for (int i = 0; i < card.length - 4; i++) {

    if (![[card substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(i, 1)] isEqual:@" "]) {

        NSRange range = NSMakeRange(i, 1);
        card = [card stringByReplacingCharactersInRange:range withString:@"*"];

    }

} //out: **** **** **** 1234

nodejs mysql Error: Connection lost The server closed the connection

Creating and destroying the connections in each query maybe complicated, i had some headaches with a server migration when i decided to install MariaDB instead MySQL. For some reason in the file etc/my.cnf the parameter wait_timeout had a default value of 10 sec (it causes that the persistence can't be implemented). Then, the solution was set it in 28800, that's 8 hours. Well, i hope help somebody with this "güevonada"... excuse me for my bad english.

Are members of a C++ struct initialized to 0 by default?

With POD you can also write

Snapshot s = {};

You shouldn't use memset in C++, memset has the drawback that if there is a non-POD in the struct it will destroy it.

or like this:

struct init
{
  template <typename T>
  operator T * ()
  {
    return new T();
  }
};

Snapshot* s = init();

Meaning of end='' in the statement print("\t",end='')?

See the documentation for the print function: print()

The content of end is printed after the thing you want to print. By default it contains a newline ("\n") but it can be changed to something else, like an empty string.

How to find schema name in Oracle ? when you are connected in sql session using read only user

To create a read-only user, you have to setup a different user than the one owning the tables you want to access.

If you just create the user and grant SELECT permission to the read-only user, you'll need to prepend the schema name to each table name. To avoid this, you have basically two options:

  1. Set the current schema in your session:
ALTER SESSION SET CURRENT_SCHEMA=XYZ
  1. Create synonyms for all tables:
CREATE SYNONYM READER_USER.TABLE1 FOR XYZ.TABLE1

So if you haven't been told the name of the owner schema, you basically have three options. The last one should always work:

  1. Query the current schema setting:
SELECT SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','CURRENT_SCHEMA') FROM DUAL
  1. List your synonyms:
SELECT * FROM ALL_SYNONYMS WHERE OWNER = USER
  1. Investigate all tables (with the exception of the some well-known standard schemas):
SELECT * FROM ALL_TABLES WHERE OWNER NOT IN ('SYS', 'SYSTEM', 'CTXSYS', 'MDSYS');

Setting PayPal return URL and making it auto return?

Sample form using PHP for direct payments.

<form action="https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr" method="post">
    <input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="_cart">
    <input type="hidden" name="upload" value="1">
    <input type="hidden" name="business" value="[email protected]">

    <input type="hidden" name="item_name_' . $x . '" value="' . $product_name . '">
    <input type="hidden" name="amount_' . $x . '" value="' . $price . '">
    <input type="hidden" name="quantity_' . $x . '" value="' . $each_item['quantity'] . '"> 
    <input type="hidden" name="custom" value="' . $product_id_array . '">
    <input type="hidden" name="notify_url" value="https://www.yoursite.com/my_ipn.php">
    <input type="hidden" name="return" value="https://www.yoursite.com/checkout_complete.php">
    <input type="hidden" name="rm" value="2">
    <input type="hidden" name="cbt" value="Return to The Store">
    <input type="hidden" name="cancel_return" value="https://www.yoursite.com/paypal_cancel.php">
    <input type="hidden" name="lc" value="US">
    <input type="hidden" name="currency_code" value="USD">
    <input type="image" src="http://www.paypal.com/en_US/i/btn/x-click-but01.gif" name="submit" alt="Make payments with PayPal - its fast, free and secure!">
</form>

kindly go through the fields notify_url, return, cancel_return

sample code for handling ipn (my_ipn.php) which is requested by paypal after payment has been made.

For more information on creating a IPN, please refer to this link.

<?php
// Check to see there are posted variables coming into the script
if ($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] != "POST")
    die("No Post Variables");
// Initialize the $req variable and add CMD key value pair
$req = 'cmd=_notify-validate';
// Read the post from PayPal
foreach ($_POST as $key => $value) {
    $value = urlencode(stripslashes($value));
    $req .= "&$key=$value";
}
// Now Post all of that back to PayPal's server using curl, and validate everything with PayPal
// We will use CURL instead of PHP for this for a more universally operable script (fsockopen has issues on some environments)
//$url = "https://www.sandbox.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr";
$url = "https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr";
$curl_result = $curl_err = '';
$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $req);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array("Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded", "Content-Length: " . strlen($req)));
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 30);
$curl_result = @curl_exec($ch);
$curl_err = curl_error($ch);
curl_close($ch);

$req = str_replace("&", "\n", $req);  // Make it a nice list in case we want to email it to ourselves for reporting
// Check that the result verifies
if (strpos($curl_result, "VERIFIED") !== false) {
    $req .= "\n\nPaypal Verified OK";
} else {
    $req .= "\n\nData NOT verified from Paypal!";
    mail("[email protected]", "IPN interaction not verified", "$req", "From: [email protected]");
    exit();
}

/* CHECK THESE 4 THINGS BEFORE PROCESSING THE TRANSACTION, HANDLE THEM AS YOU WISH
  1. Make sure that business email returned is your business email
  2. Make sure that the transaction?s payment status is ?completed?
  3. Make sure there are no duplicate txn_id
  4. Make sure the payment amount matches what you charge for items. (Defeat Price-Jacking) */

// Check Number 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$receiver_email = $_POST['receiver_email'];
if ($receiver_email != "[email protected]") {
//handle the wrong business url
    exit(); // exit script
}
// Check number 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
if ($_POST['payment_status'] != "Completed") {
    // Handle how you think you should if a payment is not complete yet, a few scenarios can cause a transaction to be incomplete
}

// Check number 3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$this_txn = $_POST['txn_id'];
//check for duplicate txn_ids in the database
// Check number 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$product_id_string = $_POST['custom'];
$product_id_string = rtrim($product_id_string, ","); // remove last comma
// Explode the string, make it an array, then query all the prices out, add them up, and make sure they match the payment_gross amount
// END ALL SECURITY CHECKS NOW IN THE DATABASE IT GOES ------------------------------------
////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Homework - Examples of assigning local variables from the POST variables
$txn_id = $_POST['txn_id'];
$payer_email = $_POST['payer_email'];
$custom = $_POST['custom'];
// Place the transaction into the database
// Mail yourself the details
mail("[email protected]", "NORMAL IPN RESULT YAY MONEY!", $req, "From: [email protected]");
?>

The below image will help you in understanding the paypal process. Paypal process flow

For further reading refer to the following links;

hope this helps you..:)

apache server reached MaxClients setting, consider raising the MaxClients setting

When you use Apache with mod_php apache is enforced in prefork mode, and not worker. As, even if php5 is known to support multi-thread, it is also known that some php5 libraries are not behaving very well in multithreaded environments (so you would have a locale call on one thread altering locale on other php threads, for example).

So, if php is not running in cgi way like with php-fpm you have mod_php inside apache and apache in prefork mode. On your tests you have simply commented the prefork settings and increased the worker settings, what you now have is default values for prefork settings and some altered values for the shared ones :

StartServers       20
MinSpareServers    5
MaxSpareServers    10
MaxClients         1024
MaxRequestsPerChild  0

This means you ask apache to start with 20 process, but you tell it that, if there is more than 10 process doing nothing it should reduce this number of children, to stay between 5 and 10 process available. The increase/decrease speed of apache is 1 per minute. So soon you will fall back to the classical situation where you have a fairly low number of free available apache processes (average 2). The average is low because usually you have something like 5 available process, but as soon as the traffic grows they're all used, so there's no process available as apache is very slow in creating new forks. This is certainly increased by the fact your PHP requests seems to be quite long, they do not finish early and the apache forks are not released soon enough to treat another request.

See on the last graphic the small amount of green before the red peak? If you could graph this on a 1 minute basis instead of 5 minutes you would see that this green amount was not big enough to take the incoming traffic without any error message.

Now you set 1024 MaxClients. I guess the cacti graph are not taken after this configuration modification, because with such modification, when no more process are available, apache would continue to fork new children, with a limit of 1024 busy children. Take something like 20MB of RAM per child (or maybe you have a big memory_limit in PHP and allows something like 64MB or 256MB and theses PHP requests are really using more RAM), maybe a DB server... your server is now slowing down because you have only 768MB of RAM. Maybe when apache is trying to initiate the first 20 children you already reach the available RAM limit.

So. a classical way of handling that is to check the amount of memory used by an apache fork (make some top commands while it is running), then find how many parallel request you can handle with this amount of RAM (that mean parallel apache children in prefork mode). Let's say it's 12, for example. Put this number in apache mpm settings this way:

<IfModule prefork.c>
  StartServers       12
  MinSpareServers    12
  MaxSpareServers    12
  MaxClients         12
  MaxRequestsPerChild  300
</IfModule>

That means you do not move the number of fork while traffic increase or decrease, because you always want to use all the RAM and be ready for traffic peaks. The 300 means you recyclate each fork after 300 requests, it's better than 0, it means you will not have potential memory leaks issues. MaxClients is set to 12 25 or 50 which is more than 12 to handle the ListenBacklog queue, which can enqueue some requests, you may take a bigger queue, but you would get some timeouts maybe (removed this strange sentende, I can't remember why I said that, if more than 12 requests are incoming the next one will be pushed in the Backlog queue, but you should set MaxClient to your targeted number of processes).

And yes, that means you cannot handle more than 12 parallel requests.

If you want to handle more requests:

  • buy some more RAM
  • try to use apache in worker mode, but remove mod_php and use php as a parallel daemon with his own pooler settings (this is called php-fpm), connect it with fastcgi. Note that you will certainly need to buy some RAM to allow a big number of parallel php-fpm process, but maybe less than with mod_php
  • Reduce the time spent in your php process. From your cacti graphs you have to potential problems: a real traffic peak around 11:25-11:30 or some php code getting very slow. Fast requests will reduce the number of parallel requests.

If your problem is really traffic peaks, solutions could be available with caches, like a proxy-cache server. If the problem is a random slowness in PHP then... it's an application problem, do you do some HTTP query to another site from PHP, for example?

And finally, as stated by @Jan Vlcinsky you could try nginx, where php will only be available as php-fpm. If you cannot buy RAM and must handle a big traffic that's definitively desserve a test.

Update: About internal dummy connections (if it's your problem, but maybe not).

Check this link and this previous answer. This is 'normal', but if you do not have a simple virtualhost theses requests are maybe hitting your main heavy application, generating slow http queries and preventing regular users to acces your apache processes. They are generated on graceful reload or children managment.

If you do not have a simple basic "It works" default Virtualhost prevent theses requests on your application by some rewrites:

  RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*internal\ dummy\ connection.*$ [NC]
  RewriteRule .* - [F,L]

Update:

Having only one Virtualhost does not protect you from internal dummy connections, it is worst, you are sure now that theses connections are made on your unique Virtualhost. So you should really avoid side effects on your application by using the rewrite rules.

Reading your cacti graphics, it seems your apache is not in prefork mode bug in worker mode. Run httpd -l or apache2 -l on debian, and check if you have worker.c or prefork.c. If you are in worker mode you may encounter some PHP problems in your application, but you should check the worker settings, here is an example:

<IfModule worker.c>
  StartServers           3
  MaxClients           500
  MinSpareThreads       75
  MaxSpareThreads      250 
  ThreadsPerChild       25
  MaxRequestsPerChild  300
</IfModule>

You start 3 processes, each containing 25 threads (so 3*25=75 parallel requests available by default), you allow 75 threads doing nothing, as soon as one thread is used a new process is forked, adding 25 more threads. And when you have more than 250 threads doing nothing (10 processes) some process are killed. You must adjust theses settings with your memory. Here you allow 500 parallel process (that's 20 process of 25 threads). Your usage is maybe more:

<IfModule worker.c>
  StartServers           2
  MaxClients           250
  MinSpareThreads       50
  MaxSpareThreads      150 
  ThreadsPerChild       25
  MaxRequestsPerChild  300
</IfModule>

Configure Log4Net in web application

Another way to do this would be to add this line to the assembly info of the web application:

// Configure log4net using the .config file
[assembly: log4net.Config.XmlConfigurator(Watch = true)]

Similar to Shriek's.

Neither BindingResult nor plain target object for bean name available as request attribute

If you have Model or transfer object passed to GET method but still have this error, check naming of your variables. Use entity/transfer object names in camelcase. I had BusinessTripDTO object and named it 'trip' for short. It caused this error to occure, even I had all other parts in place. Renaming varaibles to businessTripDTO in Java and Thymeleaf solved this problem for me.

How do I convert Int/Decimal to float in C#?

It is just:

float f = (float)6;

How do you remove columns from a data.frame?

For the kinds of large files I tend to get, I generally wouldn't even do this in R. I would use the cut command in Linux to process data before it gets to R. This isn't a critique of R, just a preference for using some very basic Linux tools like grep, tr, cut, sort, uniq, and occasionally sed & awk (or Perl) when there's something to be done about regular expressions.

Another reason to use standard GNU commands is that I can pass them back to the source of the data and ask that they prefilter the data so that I don't get extraneous data. Most of my colleagues are competent with Linux, fewer know R.

(Updated) A method that I would like to use before long is to pair mmap with a text file and examine the data in situ, rather than read it at all into RAM. I have done this with C, and it can be blisteringly fast.

Can iterators be reset in Python?

Return a newly created iterator at the last iteration during the 'iter()' call

class ResetIter: 
  def __init__(self, num):
    self.num = num
    self.i = -1

  def __iter__(self):
    if self.i == self.num-1: # here, return the new object
      return self.__class__(self.num) 
    return self

  def __next__(self):
    if self.i == self.num-1:
      raise StopIteration

    if self.i <= self.num-1:
      self.i += 1
      return self.i


reset_iter = ResetRange(10)
for i in reset_iter:
  print(i, end=' ')
print()

for i in reset_iter:
  print(i, end=' ')
print()

for i in reset_iter:
  print(i, end=' ')

Output:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 

Can anyone recommend a simple Java web-app framework?

Recently i found the AribaWeb Framework which looks very promising. It offers good functionality (even AJAX), good documentation. written in Groovy/Java and even includes a Tomcat-Server. Trying to get into Spring really made me mad.

Android: Expand/collapse animation

I took @LenaYan 's solution that didn't work properly to me (because it was transforming the View to a 0 height view before collapsing and/or expanding) and made some changes.

Now it works great, by taking the View's previous height and start expanding with this size. Collapsing is the same.

You can simply copy and paste the code below:

public static void expand(final View v, int duration, int targetHeight) {

    int prevHeight  = v.getHeight();

    v.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
    ValueAnimator valueAnimator = ValueAnimator.ofInt(prevHeight, targetHeight);
    valueAnimator.addUpdateListener(new ValueAnimator.AnimatorUpdateListener() {
        @Override
        public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator animation) {
            v.getLayoutParams().height = (int) animation.getAnimatedValue();
            v.requestLayout();
        }
    });
    valueAnimator.setInterpolator(new DecelerateInterpolator());
    valueAnimator.setDuration(duration);
    valueAnimator.start();
}

public static void collapse(final View v, int duration, int targetHeight) {
    int prevHeight  = v.getHeight();
    ValueAnimator valueAnimator = ValueAnimator.ofInt(prevHeight, targetHeight);
    valueAnimator.setInterpolator(new DecelerateInterpolator());
    valueAnimator.addUpdateListener(new ValueAnimator.AnimatorUpdateListener() {
        @Override
        public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator animation) {
            v.getLayoutParams().height = (int) animation.getAnimatedValue();
            v.requestLayout();
        }
    });
    valueAnimator.setInterpolator(new DecelerateInterpolator());
    valueAnimator.setDuration(duration);
    valueAnimator.start();
}

Usage:

//Expanding the View
   expand(yourView, 2000, 200);

// Collapsing the View     
   collapse(yourView, 2000, 100);

Easy enough!

Thanks LenaYan for the initial code!

How do I style radio buttons with images - laughing smiley for good, sad smiley for bad?

You can take advantage of CSS3 to do that, by hidding the by-default input radio button with CSS3 rules:

.class-selector input{
    margin:0;padding:0;
    -webkit-appearance:none;
       -moz-appearance:none;
            appearance:none;
}

And then using labels for images as the following demos:

JSFiddle Demo 1

From top to bottom: Unfocused, MasterCard Selected, Visa Selected, Mastercard hovered

JSFiddle Demo 2

Visa selected

Gist - How to use images for radio-buttons

Change package name for Android in React Native

You can use react-native-rename package which will take of all the necessary changes of package name under

app/mainapplication.java

AndroidManifest.xml

but make sure to manually change the package name of all files under the java/com folder. because when i created an splash screen activity the old package name is not updated.

https://www.npmjs.com/package/react-native-rename

ImportError: cannot import name NUMPY_MKL

From your log its clear that numpy package is missing. As mention in the PyPI package:

The SciPy library depends on NumPy, which provides convenient and fast N-dimensional array manipulation.

So, try installing numpy package for python as you did with scipy.

How to make <label> and <input> appear on the same line on an HTML form?

Assuming you want to float the elements, you would also have to float the label elements too.

Something like this would work:

label {
    /* Other styling... */
    text-align: right;
    clear: both;
    float:left;
    margin-right:15px;
}

_x000D_
_x000D_
#form {_x000D_
    background-color: #FFF;_x000D_
    height: 600px;_x000D_
    width: 600px;_x000D_
    margin-right: auto;_x000D_
    margin-left: auto;_x000D_
    margin-top: 0px;_x000D_
    border-top-left-radius: 10px;_x000D_
    border-top-right-radius: 10px;_x000D_
    padding: 0px;_x000D_
    text-align:center;_x000D_
}_x000D_
label {_x000D_
    font-family: Georgia, "Times New Roman", Times, serif;_x000D_
    font-size: 18px;_x000D_
    color: #333;_x000D_
    height: 20px;_x000D_
    width: 200px;_x000D_
    margin-top: 10px;_x000D_
    margin-left: 10px;_x000D_
    text-align: right;_x000D_
    clear: both;_x000D_
    float:left;_x000D_
    margin-right:15px;_x000D_
}_x000D_
input {_x000D_
    height: 20px;_x000D_
    width: 300px;_x000D_
    border: 1px solid #000;_x000D_
    margin-top: 10px;_x000D_
    float: left;_x000D_
}_x000D_
input[type=button] {_x000D_
    float:none;_x000D_
}
_x000D_
<div id="form">_x000D_
    <form action="" method="post" name="registration" class="register">_x000D_
        <fieldset>_x000D_
            <label for="Student">Name:</label>_x000D_
            <input name="Student" id="Student" />_x000D_
            <label for="Matric_no">Matric number:</label>_x000D_
            <input name="Matric_no" id="Matric_no" />_x000D_
            <label for="Email">Email:</label>_x000D_
            <input name="Email" id="Email" />_x000D_
            <label for="Username">Username:</label>_x000D_
            <input name="Username" id="Username" />_x000D_
            <label for="Password">Password:</label>_x000D_
            <input name="Password" id="Password" type="password" />_x000D_
            <input name="regbutton" type="button" class="button" value="Register" />_x000D_
        </fieldset>_x000D_
    </form>_x000D_
</div>
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

Alternatively, a more common approach would be to wrap the input/label elements in groups:

<div class="form-group">
    <label for="Student">Name:</label>
    <input name="Student" id="Student" />
</div>

_x000D_
_x000D_
#form {_x000D_
    background-color: #FFF;_x000D_
    height: 600px;_x000D_
    width: 600px;_x000D_
    margin-right: auto;_x000D_
    margin-left: auto;_x000D_
    margin-top: 0px;_x000D_
    border-top-left-radius: 10px;_x000D_
    border-top-right-radius: 10px;_x000D_
    padding: 0px;_x000D_
    text-align:center;_x000D_
}_x000D_
label {_x000D_
    font-family: Georgia, "Times New Roman", Times, serif;_x000D_
    font-size: 18px;_x000D_
    color: #333;_x000D_
    height: 20px;_x000D_
    width: 200px;_x000D_
    margin-top: 10px;_x000D_
    margin-left: 10px;_x000D_
    text-align: right;_x000D_
    margin-right:15px;_x000D_
    float:left;_x000D_
}_x000D_
input {_x000D_
    height: 20px;_x000D_
    width: 300px;_x000D_
    border: 1px solid #000;_x000D_
    margin-top: 10px;_x000D_
}
_x000D_
<div id="form">_x000D_
    <form action="" method="post" name="registration" class="register">_x000D_
        <fieldset>_x000D_
            <div class="form-group">_x000D_
                <label for="Student">Name:</label>_x000D_
                <input name="Student" id="Student" />_x000D_
            </div>_x000D_
            <div class="form-group">_x000D_
                <label for="Matric_no">Matric number:</label>_x000D_
                <input name="Matric_no" id="Matric_no" />_x000D_
            </div>_x000D_
            <div class="form-group">_x000D_
                <label for="Email">Email:</label>_x000D_
                <input name="Email" id="Email" />_x000D_
            </div>_x000D_
            <div class="form-group">_x000D_
                <label for="Username">Username:</label>_x000D_
                <input name="Username" id="Username" />_x000D_
            </div>_x000D_
            <div class="form-group">_x000D_
                <label for="Password">Password:</label>_x000D_
                <input name="Password" id="Password" type="password" />_x000D_
            </div>_x000D_
            <input name="regbutton" type="button" class="button" value="Register" />_x000D_
        </fieldset>_x000D_
    </form>_x000D_
</div>
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

Note that the for attribute should correspond to the id of a labelable element, not its name. This will allow users to click the label to give focus to the corresponding form element.

Writing a new line to file in PHP (line feed)

Use PHP_EOL which outputs \r\n or \n depending on the OS.

Links in <select> dropdown options

Maybe this will help:

<select onchange="location = this.value;">
 <option value="home.html">Home</option>
 <option value="contact.html">Contact</option>
 <option value="about.html">About</option>
</select>

Vertical Menu in Bootstrap

here is vertical menu base on Bootstrap http://www.okvee.net/articles/okvee-bootstrap-sidebar-menu it is also support responsive design.

How to program a fractal?

Sometimes I program fractals for fun and as a challenge. You can find them here. The code is written in Javascript using the P5.js library and can be read directly from the HTML source code.

For those I have seen the algorithms are quite simple, just find the core element and then repeat it over and over. I do it with recursive functions, but can be done differently.

How to create a JSON object

$post_data = [
  "item" => [
    'item_type_id' => $item_type,
    'string_key' => $string_key,
    'string_value' => $string_value,
    'string_extra' => $string_extra,
    'is_public' => $public,
    'is_public_for_contacts' => $public_contacts
  ]
];

$post_data = json_encode(post_data);
$post_data = json_decode(post_data);
return $post_data;

How to make CSS3 rounded corners hide overflow in Chrome/Opera

opacity: 0.99; on wrapper solve webkit bug

What does "ulimit -s unlimited" do?

ulimit -s unlimited lets the stack grow unlimited.

This may prevent your program from crashing if you write programs by recursion, especially if your programs are not tail recursive (compilers can "optimize" those), and the depth of recursion is large.

Convert laravel object to array

Object to array

$array = (array) $players_Obj;  

$object = new StdClass;
$object->foo = 1;
$object->bar = 2;

var_dump( (array) $object );

Output:

array(2) {
    'foo' => int(1)
    'bar' => int(2)
}

IIS7 Cache-Control

I use this

<staticContent>
<clientCache cacheControlCustom="public" cacheControlMode="UseMaxAge" cacheControlMaxAge="500.00:00:00" />
</staticContent>

to cache static content for 500 days with public cache-control header.

Error: allowDefinition='MachineToApplication' beyond application level

I've this problem more frequent if "true" is enabled in the project file.

  1. Set false

As Jonny says:

  1. Clean solution whilst your solution is configured in Release mode.
  2. Clean solution whilst your solution is configured in Debug mode.
  3. Build whilst your solution is configured in Debug mode.

How to access site through IP address when website is on a shared host?

Include the port number with the IP address.

For example:

http://19.18.20.101:5566

where 5566 is the port number.

Select * from subquery

You can select every column from that sub-query by aliasing it and adding the alias before the *:

SELECT t.*, a+b AS total_sum
FROM
(
   SELECT SUM(column1) AS a, SUM(column2) AS b
   FROM table
) t

JavaFX - create custom button with image

There are a few different ways to accomplish this, I'll outline my favourites.

Use a ToggleButton and apply a custom style to it. I suggest this because your required control is "like a toggle button" but just looks different from the default toggle button styling.

My preferred method is to define a graphic for the button in css:

.toggle-button {
  -fx-graphic: url('http://icons.iconarchive.com/icons/aha-soft/desktop-buffet/128/Pizza-icon.png');
}

.toggle-button:selected {
  -fx-graphic: url('http://icons.iconarchive.com/icons/aha-soft/desktop-buffet/128/Piece-of-cake-icon.png');
}

OR use the attached css to define a background image.

// file imagetogglebutton.css deployed in the same package as ToggleButtonImage.class
.toggle-button {
  -fx-background-image: url('http://icons.iconarchive.com/icons/aha-soft/desktop-buffet/128/Pizza-icon.png');
  -fx-background-repeat: no-repeat;
  -fx-background-position: center;
}

.toggle-button:selected {
  -fx-background-image: url('http://icons.iconarchive.com/icons/aha-soft/desktop-buffet/128/Piece-of-cake-icon.png');
}

I prefer the -fx-graphic specification over the -fx-background-* specifications as the rules for styling background images are tricky and setting the background does not automatically size the button to the image, whereas setting the graphic does.

And some sample code:

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.scene.*;
import javafx.scene.control.ToggleButton;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPaneBuilder;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class ToggleButtonImage extends Application {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { launch(args); }
  @Override public void start(final Stage stage) throws Exception {
    final ToggleButton toggle = new ToggleButton();
    toggle.getStylesheets().add(this.getClass().getResource(
      "imagetogglebutton.css"
    ).toExternalForm());
    toggle.setMinSize(148, 148); toggle.setMaxSize(148, 148);
    stage.setScene(new Scene(
      StackPaneBuilder.create()
        .children(toggle)
        .style("-fx-padding:10; -fx-background-color: cornsilk;")
        .build()
    ));
    stage.show();
  }
}

Some advantages of doing this are:

  1. You get the default toggle button behavior and don't have to re-implement it yourself by adding your own focus styling, mouse and key handlers etc.
  2. If your app gets ported to different platform such as a mobile device, it will work out of the box responding to touch events rather than mouse events, etc.
  3. Your styling is separated from your application logic so it is easier to restyle your application.

An alternate is to not use css and still use a ToggleButton, but set the image graphic in code:

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.beans.binding.Bindings;
import javafx.scene.*;
import javafx.scene.control.ToggleButton;
import javafx.scene.image.*;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPaneBuilder;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class ToggleButtonImageViaGraphic extends Application {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { launch(args); }
  @Override public void start(final Stage stage) throws Exception {
    final ToggleButton toggle      = new ToggleButton();
    final Image        unselected  = new Image(
      "http://icons.iconarchive.com/icons/aha-soft/desktop-buffet/128/Pizza-icon.png"
    );
    final Image        selected    = new Image(
      "http://icons.iconarchive.com/icons/aha-soft/desktop-buffet/128/Piece-of-cake-icon.png"
    );
    final ImageView    toggleImage = new ImageView();
    toggle.setGraphic(toggleImage);
    toggleImage.imageProperty().bind(Bindings
      .when(toggle.selectedProperty())
        .then(selected)
        .otherwise(unselected)
    );

    stage.setScene(new Scene(
      StackPaneBuilder.create()
        .children(toggle)
        .style("-fx-padding:10; -fx-background-color: cornsilk;")
        .build()
    ));
    stage.show();
  }
}

The code based approach has the advantage that you don't have to use css if you are unfamilar with it.

For best performance and ease of porting to unsigned applet and webstart sandboxes, bundle the images with your app and reference them by relative path urls rather than downloading them off the net.

Convert web page to image

I'm not sure if this is quite what you're looking for but I've had a lot of success using an HTML to Postscript converter html2ps to create postscript copies of web pages, which I then convert to .gif or .pngs

This doesn't produce exact screenshot quality that you'd get from a web browser and doesn't handle complicated things like flash or css all that well, but the advantage is that you can run it on the web server.

(I use it to create thumbnails of user created content, for navigation)

iOS9 Untrusted Enterprise Developer with no option to trust

Device: iPad Mini

OS: iOS 9 Beta 3

App downloaded from: Hockey App

Provisioning profile with Trust issues: Enterprise

In my case, when I navigate to Settings > General > Profiles, I could not see on any Apple provisioning profile. All I could see is a Configuration Profile which is HockeyApp Config.

Settings>General>Profile

Here are the steps that I followed:

  1. Connect the Device
  2. Open Xcode
  3. Navigate to Window > Devices
  4. Right click on the Device and select Show Provisioning Profiles...
  5. Delete your Enterprise provisioning profile. Hit Done. Window>Device>Provisioning Profile
  6. Open HockeyApp. Install your app.
  7. Once the app finished installing, go back to Settings>General>Profiles. You should now be able to see your Enterprise provisioning profile. enter image description here
  8. Click Trust enter image description here

That's it! You're done! You can now go back to your app and open it successfully. Hope this helped. :)

How are ssl certificates verified?

The client has a pre-seeded store of SSL certificate authorities' public keys. There must be a chain of trust from the certificate for the server up through intermediate authorities up to one of the so-called "root" certificates in order for the server to be trusted.

You can examine and/or alter the list of trusted authorities. Often you do this to add a certificate for a local authority that you know you trust - like the company you work for or the school you attend or what not.

The pre-seeded list can vary depending on which client you use. The big SSL certificate vendors insure that their root certs are in all the major browsers ($$$).

Monkey-in-the-middle attacks are "impossible" unless the attacker has the private key of a trusted root certificate. Since the corresponding certificates are widely deployed, the exposure of such a private key would have serious implications for the security of eCommerce generally. Because of that, those private keys are very, very closely guarded.

How to start debug mode from command prompt for apache tomcat server?

If you're wanting to do this via powershell on windows this worked for me

$env:JPDA_SUSPEND="y"

$env:JPDA_TRANSPORT="dt_socket"

/path/to/tomcat/bin/catalina.bat jpda start

Can I set enum start value in Java?

 public class MyClass {
    public static void main(String args[]) {
     Ids id1 = Ids.OPEN;
     System.out.println(id1.getValue());
    }
}

enum Ids {
    OPEN(100), CLOSE(200);

    private final int id;
    Ids(int id) { this.id = id; }
    public int getValue() { return id; }
}

@scottf, You probably confused because of the constructor defined in the ENUM.

Let me explain that.

When class loader loads enum class, then enum constructor also called. On what!! Yes, It's called on OPEN and close. With what values 100 for OPEN and 200 for close

Can I have different value?

Yes,

public class MyClass {
    public static void main(String args[]) {
     Ids id1 = Ids.OPEN;
     id1.setValue(2);
     System.out.println(id1.getValue());
    }
}

enum Ids {
    OPEN(100), CLOSE(200);

    private int id;
    Ids(int id) { this.id = id; }
    public int getValue() { return id; }
    public void setValue(int value) { id = value; }
}

But, It's bad practice. enum is used for representing constants like days of week, colors in rainbow i.e such small group of predefined constants.

How to change active class while click to another link in bootstrap use jquery?

You are binding you click on the wrong element, you should bind it to the a.

You are prevent default event to occur on the li, but li have no default behavior, a does.

Try this:

$(document).ready(function () {
    $('.nav li a').click(function(e) {

        $('.nav li.active').removeClass('active');

        var $parent = $(this).parent();
        $parent.addClass('active');
        e.preventDefault();
    });
});

Why does JS code "var a = document.querySelector('a[data-a=1]');" cause error?

From the selectors specification:

Attribute values must be CSS identifiers or strings.

Identifiers cannot start with a number. Strings must be quoted.

1 is therefore neither a valid identifier nor a string.

Use "1" (which is a string) instead.

var a = document.querySelector('a[data-a="1"]');

Zero an array in C code

int arr[20];
memset(arr, 0, sizeof arr);

See the reference for memset

Cannot resolve symbol HttpGet,HttpClient,HttpResponce in Android Studio

Please remove all jar files of Http from 'libs' folder and add below dependencies in gradle file:

compile 'org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient:4.5'
compile 'org.apache.httpcomponents:httpcore:4.4.3'

or

useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'

How to initialize HashSet values by construction?

You can do it in Java 6:

Set<String> h = new HashSet<String>(Arrays.asList("a", "b", "c"));

But why? I don't find it to be more readable than explicitly adding elements.

How to use ES6 Fat Arrow to .filter() an array of objects

Here is my solution for those who use hook; If you are listing items in your grid and want to remove the selected item, you can use this solution.

var list = data.filter(form => form.id !== selectedRowDataId);
setData(list);

Effect of NOLOCK hint in SELECT statements

  • The answer is Yes if the query is run multiple times at once, because each transaction won't need to wait for the others to complete. However, If the query is run once on its own then the answer is No.

  • Yes. There's a significant probability that careful use of WITH(NOLOCK) will speed up your database overall. It means that other transactions won't have to wait for this SELECT statement to finish, but on the other hand, other transactions will slow down as they're now sharing their processing time with a new transaction.

Be careful to only use WITH (NOLOCK) in SELECT statements on tables that have a clustered index.

WITH(NOLOCK) is often exploited as a magic way to speed up database read transactions.

The result set can contain rows that have not yet been committed, that are often later rolled back.

If WITH(NOLOCK) is applied to a table that has a non-clustered index then row-indexes can be changed by other transactions as the row data is being streamed into the result-table. This means that the result-set can be missing rows or display the same row multiple times.

READ COMMITTED adds an additional issue where data is corrupted within a single column where multiple users change the same cell simultaneously.

How to encode text to base64 in python

Whilst you can of course use the base64 module, you can also to use the codecs module (referred to in your error message) for binary encodings (meaning non-standard & non-text encodings).

For example:

import codecs
my_bytes = b"Hello World!"
codecs.encode(my_bytes, "base64")
codecs.encode(my_bytes, "hex")
codecs.encode(my_bytes, "zip")
codecs.encode(my_bytes, "bz2")

This can come in useful for large data as you can chain them to get compressed and json-serializable values:

my_large_bytes = my_bytes * 10000
codecs.decode(
    codecs.encode(
        codecs.encode(
            my_large_bytes,
            "zip"
        ),
        "base64"),
    "utf8"
)

Refs:

Is Constructor Overriding Possible?

No it is not possible to override a constructor. If we try to do this then compiler error will come. And it is never possible in Java. Lets see the example. It will ask please write a return type o the method. means it will treat that overriden constructor as a method not as a constructor.

package com.sample.test;

class Animal{

    public static void showMessage()
    {
        System.out.println("we are in Animal class");
    }
}

class Dog extends Animal{

    public void DogShow() 
    {
        System.out.println("we are in Dog show class");
    } 

    public static void showMessage()
    {
        System.out.println("we are in overriddn method of dog class");
    }
}

public class AnimalTest { 

    public static void main(String [] args)
    {
        Animal animal = new Animal();
        animal.showMessage();

        Dog dog = new Dog();
        dog.DogShow();

        Animal animal2 = new Dog();
        animal2.showMessage();
    }

}

iptables block access to port 8000 except from IP address

Another alternative is;

sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 8000 -s ! 1.2.3.4 -j DROP

I had similar issue that 3 bridged virtualmachine just need access eachother with different combination, so I have tested this command and it works well.

Edit**

According to Fernando comment and this link exclamation mark (!) will be placed before than -s parameter:

sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 8000 ! -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP

Why there is this "clear" class before footer?

A class in HTML means that in order to set attributes to it in CSS, you simply need to add a period in front of it.
For example, the CSS code of that html code may be:

.clear {     height: 50px;     width: 25px; } 

Also, if you, as suggested by abiessu, are attempting to add the CSS clear: both; attribute to the div to prevent anything from floating to the left or right of this div, you can use this CSS code:

.clear {     clear: both; } 

libclntsh.so.11.1: cannot open shared object file.

If you have problem with libclntsh.so, need create symlink for libclntsh.so from /usr/lib/oracle/11.2/client64/lib to /usr/lib

Sort tuples based on second parameter

And if you are using python 3.X, you may apply the sorted function on the mylist. This is just an addition to the answer that @Sven Marnach has given above.

# using *sort method*
mylist.sort(lambda x: x[1]) 

# using *sorted function*
sorted(mylist, key = lambda x: x[1]) 

Using Python, how can I access a shared folder on windows network?

How did you try it? Maybe you are working with \ and omit proper escaping.

Instead of

open('\\HOST\share\path\to\file')

use either Johnsyweb's solution with the /s, or try one of

open(r'\\HOST\share\path\to\file')

or

open('\\\\HOST\\share\\path\\to\\file')

.

how to transfer a file through SFTP in java?

Try this code.

public void send (String fileName) {
    String SFTPHOST = "host:IP";
    int SFTPPORT = 22;
    String SFTPUSER = "username";
    String SFTPPASS = "password";
    String SFTPWORKINGDIR = "file/to/transfer";

    Session session = null;
    Channel channel = null;
    ChannelSftp channelSftp = null;
    System.out.println("preparing the host information for sftp.");

    try {
        JSch jsch = new JSch();
        session = jsch.getSession(SFTPUSER, SFTPHOST, SFTPPORT);
        session.setPassword(SFTPPASS);
        java.util.Properties config = new java.util.Properties();
        config.put("StrictHostKeyChecking", "no");
        session.setConfig(config);
        session.connect();
        System.out.println("Host connected.");
        channel = session.openChannel("sftp");
        channel.connect();
        System.out.println("sftp channel opened and connected.");
        channelSftp = (ChannelSftp) channel;
        channelSftp.cd(SFTPWORKINGDIR);
        File f = new File(fileName);
        channelSftp.put(new FileInputStream(f), f.getName());
        log.info("File transfered successfully to host.");
    } catch (Exception ex) {
        System.out.println("Exception found while tranfer the response.");
    } finally {
        channelSftp.exit();
        System.out.println("sftp Channel exited.");
        channel.disconnect();
        System.out.println("Channel disconnected.");
        session.disconnect();
        System.out.println("Host Session disconnected.");
    }
}   

Is there a JavaScript function that can pad a string to get to a determined length?

String.prototype.padStart() and String.prototype.padEnd() are currently TC39 candidate proposals: see github.com/tc39/proposal-string-pad-start-end (only available in Firefox as of April 2016; a polyfill is available).

LIKE operator in LINQ

A simple as this

string[] users = new string[] {"Paul","Steve","Annick","Yannick"};    
var result = from u in users where u.Contains("nn") select u;

Result -> Annick,Yannick

How do I print out the contents of a vector?

I am going to add another answer here, because I have come up with a different approach to my previous one, and that is to use locale facets.

The basics are here

Essentially what you do is:

  1. Create a class that derives from std::locale::facet. The slight downside is that you will need a compilation unit somewhere to hold its id. Let's call it MyPrettyVectorPrinter. You'd probably give it a better name, and also create ones for pair and map.
  2. In your stream function, you check std::has_facet< MyPrettyVectorPrinter >
  3. If that returns true, extract it with std::use_facet< MyPrettyVectorPrinter >( os.getloc() )
  4. Your facet objects will have values for the delimiters and you can read them. If the facet isn't found, your print function (operator<<) provides default ones. Note you can do the same thing for reading a vector.

I like this method because you can use a default print whilst still being able to use a custom override.

The downsides are needing a library for your facet if used in multiple projects (so can't just be headers-only) and also the fact that you need to beware about the expense of creating a new locale object.

I have written this as a new solution rather than modify my other one because I believe both approaches can be correct and you take your pick.

How to style components using makeStyles and still have lifecycle methods in Material UI?

I used withStyles instead of makeStyle

EX :

import { withStyles } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import React, {Component} from "react";

const useStyles = theme => ({
        root: {
           flexGrow: 1,
         },
  });

class App extends Component {
       render() {
                const { classes } = this.props;
                return(
                    <div className={classes.root}>
                       Test
                </div>
                )
          }
} 

export default withStyles(useStyles)(App)

What are the differences between a multidimensional array and an array of arrays in C#?

Array of arrays (jagged arrays) are faster than multi-dimensional arrays and can be used more effectively. Multidimensional arrays have nicer syntax.

If you write some simple code using jagged and multidimensional arrays and then inspect the compiled assembly with an IL disassembler you will see that the storage and retrieval from jagged (or single dimensional) arrays are simple IL instructions while the same operations for multidimensional arrays are method invocations which are always slower.

Consider the following methods:

static void SetElementAt(int[][] array, int i, int j, int value)
{
    array[i][j] = value;
}

static void SetElementAt(int[,] array, int i, int j, int value)
{
    array[i, j] = value;
}

Their IL will be the following:

.method private hidebysig static void  SetElementAt(int32[][] 'array',
                                                    int32 i,
                                                    int32 j,
                                                    int32 'value') cil managed
{
  // Code size       7 (0x7)
  .maxstack  8
  IL_0000:  ldarg.0
  IL_0001:  ldarg.1
  IL_0002:  ldelem.ref
  IL_0003:  ldarg.2
  IL_0004:  ldarg.3
  IL_0005:  stelem.i4
  IL_0006:  ret
} // end of method Program::SetElementAt

.method private hidebysig static void  SetElementAt(int32[0...,0...] 'array',
                                                    int32 i,
                                                    int32 j,
                                                    int32 'value') cil managed
{
  // Code size       10 (0xa)
  .maxstack  8
  IL_0000:  ldarg.0
  IL_0001:  ldarg.1
  IL_0002:  ldarg.2
  IL_0003:  ldarg.3
  IL_0004:  call       instance void int32[0...,0...]::Set(int32,
                                                           int32,
                                                           int32)
  IL_0009:  ret
} // end of method Program::SetElementAt

When using jagged arrays you can easily perform such operations as row swap and row resize. Maybe in some cases usage of multidimensional arrays will be more safe, but even Microsoft FxCop tells that jagged arrays should be used instead of multidimensional when you use it to analyse your projects.

Python Sets vs Lists

from datetime import datetime
listA = range(10000000)
setA = set(listA)
tupA = tuple(listA)
#Source Code

def calc(data, type):
start = datetime.now()
if data in type:
print ""
end = datetime.now()
print end-start

calc(9999, listA)
calc(9999, tupA)
calc(9999, setA)

Output after comparing 10 iterations for all 3 : Comparison

Reduce size of legend area in barplot

The cex parameter will do that for you.

a <- c(3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2 )
barplot(a, beside = T,
        col = 1:6, space = c(0, 2))
legend("topright", 
       legend = c("a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f"), 
       fill = 1:6, ncol = 2,
       cex = 0.75)

The plot

Make REST API call in Swift

Swift 5

API call method

//Send Request with ResultType<Success, Error>
    func fetch(requestURL:URL,requestType:String,parameter:[String:AnyObject]?,completion:@escaping (Result<Any>) -> () ){
        //Check internet connection as per your convenience
        //Check URL whitespace validation as per your convenience
        //Show Hud
        var urlRequest = URLRequest.init(url: requestURL)
        urlRequest.cachePolicy = .reloadIgnoringLocalCacheData
        urlRequest.timeoutInterval = 60
        urlRequest.httpMethod = String(describing: requestType)
        urlRequest.setValue("application/json; charset=utf-8", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
        urlRequest.setValue("application/json; charset=utf-8", forHTTPHeaderField: "Accept")
        
        //Post URL parameters set as URL body
        if let params = parameter{
            do{
                let parameterData = try JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject:params, options:.prettyPrinted)
                urlRequest.httpBody = parameterData
            }catch{
               //Hide hude and return error
                completion(.failure(error))
            }
        }
        //URL Task to get data
        URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: requestURL) { (data, response, error) in
            //Hide Hud
            //fail completion for Error
            if let objError = error{
                completion(.failure(objError))
            }
            //Validate for blank data and URL response status code
            if let objData = data,let objURLResponse = response as? HTTPURLResponse{
                //We have data validate for JSON and convert in JSON
                do{
                    let objResposeJSON = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: objData, options: .mutableContainers)
                    //Check for valid status code 200 else fail with error
                    if objURLResponse.statusCode == 200{
                        completion(.success(objResposeJSON))
                    }
                }catch{
                    completion(.failure(error))
                }
            }
        }.resume()
    }

Use of API call method

func useOfAPIRequest(){
        if let baseGETURL = URL(string:"https://postman-echo.com/get?foo1=bar1&foo2=bar2"){
            self.fetch(requestURL: baseGETURL, requestType: "GET", parameter: nil) { (result) in
                      switch result{
                      case .success(let response) :
                        print("Hello World \(response)")
                      case .failure(let error) :
                        print("Hello World \(error)")
                          
                      }
                  }
        }
      
    }

How to align linearlayout to vertical center?

Change orientation and gravity in

<LinearLayout
    android:id="@+id/groupNumbers"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:gravity="center_vertical"
    android:layout_weight="0.7"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

to

android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"

You are adding orientation: horizontal, so the layout will contain all elements in single horizontal line. Which won't allow you to get the element in center.

Hope this helps.

How to open a txt file and read numbers in Java

import java.io.*;  
public class DataStreamExample {  
     public static void main(String args[]){    
          try{    
            FileWriter  fin=new FileWriter("testout.txt");    
            BufferedWriter d = new BufferedWriter(fin);
            int a[] = new int[3];
            a[0]=1;
            a[1]=22;
            a[2]=3;
            String s="";
            for(int i=0;i<3;i++)
            {
                s=Integer.toString(a[i]);
                d.write(s);
                d.newLine();
            }

            System.out.println("Success");
            d.close();
            fin.close();    



            FileReader in=new FileReader("testout.txt");
            BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(in);
            String i="";
            int sum=0;
            while ((i=br.readLine())!= null)
            {
                sum += Integer.parseInt(i);
            }
            System.out.println(sum);
          }catch(Exception e){System.out.println(e);}    
         }    
        }  

OUTPUT:: Success 26

Also, I used array to make it simple.... you can directly take integer input and convert it into string and send it to file. input-convert-Write-Process... its that simple.

Bad operand type for unary +: 'str'

You say that if int(splitLine[0]) > int(lastUnix): is causing the trouble, but you don't actually show anything which suggests that. I think this line is the problem instead:

print 'Pulled', + stock

Do you see why this line could cause that error message? You want either

>>> stock = "AAAA"
>>> print 'Pulled', stock
Pulled AAAA

or

>>> print 'Pulled ' + stock
Pulled AAAA

not

>>> print 'Pulled', + stock
PulledTraceback (most recent call last):
  File "<ipython-input-5-7c26bb268609>", line 1, in <module>
    print 'Pulled', + stock
TypeError: bad operand type for unary +: 'str'

You're asking Python to apply the + symbol to a string like +23 makes a positive 23, and she's objecting.

How to copy commits from one branch to another?

Here's another approach.

git checkout {SOURCE_BRANCH}               # switch to Source branch.
git checkout {COMMIT_HASH}                 # go back to the desired commit.
git checkout -b {temp_branch}              # create a new temporary branch from {COMMIT_HASH} snapshot.
git checkout {TARGET_BRANCH}               # switch to Target branch.
git merge {temp_branch}                    # merge code to your Target branch.
git branch -d {temp_branch}                # delete the temp branch.

Load CSV data into MySQL in Python

If it is a pandas data frame you could do:

Sending the data

csv_data.to_sql=(con=mydb, name='<the name of your table>',
  if_exists='replace', flavor='mysql')

to avoid the use of the for.

How to break lines in PowerShell?

If escaping doesn't work, you can try this:

$str += $("" | Out-String)

It just adds nothing, but as an Out-String, which creates a new line.

Remove Unnamed columns in pandas dataframe

The approved solution doesn't work in my case, so my solution is the following one:

    ''' The column name in the example case is "Unnamed: 7"
 but it works with any other name ("Unnamed: 0" for example). '''

        df.rename({"Unnamed: 7":"a"}, axis="columns", inplace=True)

        # Then, drop the column as usual.

        df.drop(["a"], axis=1, inplace=True)

Hope it helps others.

lvalue required as left operand of assignment

if (strcmp("hello", "hello") = 0)

Is trying to assign 0 to function return value which isn't lvalue.

Function return values are not lvalue (no storage for it), so any attempt to assign value to something that is not lvalue result in error.

Best practice to avoid such mistakes in if conditions is to use constant value on left side of comparison, so even if you use "=" instead "==", constant being not lvalue will immediately give error and avoid accidental value assignment and causing false positive if condition.

How to generate entire DDL of an Oracle schema (scriptable)?

You can spool the schema out to a file via SQL*Plus and dbms_metadata package. Then replace the schema name with another one via sed. This works for Oracle 10 and higher.

sqlplus<<EOF
set long 100000
set head off
set echo off
set pagesize 0
set verify off
set feedback off
spool schema.out

select dbms_metadata.get_ddl(object_type, object_name, owner)
from
(
    --Convert DBA_OBJECTS.OBJECT_TYPE to DBMS_METADATA object type:
    select
        owner,
        --Java object names may need to be converted with DBMS_JAVA.LONGNAME.
        --That code is not included since many database don't have Java installed.
        object_name,
        decode(object_type,
            'DATABASE LINK',      'DB_LINK',
            'JOB',                'PROCOBJ',
            'RULE SET',           'PROCOBJ',
            'RULE',               'PROCOBJ',
            'EVALUATION CONTEXT', 'PROCOBJ',
            'CREDENTIAL',         'PROCOBJ',
            'CHAIN',              'PROCOBJ',
            'PROGRAM',            'PROCOBJ',
            'PACKAGE',            'PACKAGE_SPEC',
            'PACKAGE BODY',       'PACKAGE_BODY',
            'TYPE',               'TYPE_SPEC',
            'TYPE BODY',          'TYPE_BODY',
            'MATERIALIZED VIEW',  'MATERIALIZED_VIEW',
            'QUEUE',              'AQ_QUEUE',
            'JAVA CLASS',         'JAVA_CLASS',
            'JAVA TYPE',          'JAVA_TYPE',
            'JAVA SOURCE',        'JAVA_SOURCE',
            'JAVA RESOURCE',      'JAVA_RESOURCE',
            'XML SCHEMA',         'XMLSCHEMA',
            object_type
        ) object_type
    from dba_objects 
    where owner in ('OWNER1')
        --These objects are included with other object types.
        and object_type not in ('INDEX PARTITION','INDEX SUBPARTITION',
           'LOB','LOB PARTITION','TABLE PARTITION','TABLE SUBPARTITION')
        --Ignore system-generated types that support collection processing.
        and not (object_type = 'TYPE' and object_name like 'SYS_PLSQL_%')
        --Exclude nested tables, their DDL is part of their parent table.
        and (owner, object_name) not in (select owner, table_name from dba_nested_tables)
        --Exclude overflow segments, their DDL is part of their parent table.
        and (owner, object_name) not in (select owner, table_name from dba_tables where iot_type = 'IOT_OVERFLOW')
)
order by owner, object_type, object_name;

spool off
quit
EOF

cat schema.out|sed 's/OWNER1/MYOWNER/g'>schema.out.change.sql

Put everything in a script and run it via cron (scheduler). Exporting objects can be tricky when advanced features are used. Don't be surprised if you need to add some more exceptions to the above code.

php date validation

This function working well,

function validateDate($date, $format = 'm/d/Y'){
    $d = DateTime::createFromFormat($format, $date);
    return $d && $d->format($format) === $date;
}

SQL Server: Cannot insert an explicit value into a timestamp column

Assume Table1 and Table2 have three columns A, B and TimeStamp. I want to insert from Table1 into Table2.

This fails with the timestamp error:

Insert Into Table2
Select Table1.A, Table1.B, Table1.TimeStamp From Table1

This works:

Insert Into Table2
Select Table1.A, Table1.B, null From Table1

Unable to execute dex: Multiple dex files define

If some of you facing this problem with facebook-connent-plugin for phonegap

try to remove files in bin/class/com/facebook/android directory ! -> and rebuild

Is it possible to use global variables in Rust?

I am new to Rust, but this solution seems to work:

#[macro_use]
extern crate lazy_static;

use std::sync::{Arc, Mutex};

lazy_static! {
    static ref GLOBAL: Arc<Mutex<GlobalType> =
        Arc::new(Mutex::new(GlobalType::new()));
}

Another solution is to declare a crossbeam channel tx/rx pair as an immutable global variable. The channel should be bounded and can only hold 1 element. When you initialize the global variable, push the global instance into the channel. When using the global variable, pop the channel to acquire it and push it back when done using it.

Both solutions should provide a safe approach to using global variables.

How to repeat a string a variable number of times in C++?

I know this is an old question, but I was looking to do the same thing and have found what I think is a simpler solution. It appears that cout has this function built in with cout.fill(), see the link for a 'full' explanation

http://www.java-samples.com/showtutorial.php?tutorialid=458

cout.width(11);
cout.fill('.');
cout << "lolcat" << endl;

outputs

.....lolcat

LINQ Group By and select collection

I think you want:

items.GroupBy(item => item.Order.Customer)
     .Select(group => new { Customer = group.Key, Items = group.ToList() })
     .ToList() 

If you want to continue use the overload of GroupBy you are currently using, you can do:

items.GroupBy(item => item.Order.Customer, 
              (key, group) =>  new { Customer = key, Items = group.ToList() })
     .ToList() 

...but I personally find that less clear.

OWIN Startup Class Missing

I had this problem when I got the latest on TFS while other projects were open in multiple instances of VS. I already have all the fixes above. Reopening VS fixed the problem.

Where is web.xml in Eclipse Dynamic Web Project

When you open Eclipse you should click File ? New ? Dynamic Web Project, and make sure you checked Generate web.xml, as described above.

If you have already created the project, you should go to the WebContent/WEB-INF folder, open web.xml, and put the following lines:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
    <display-name>Application Name </display-name>
    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

Difference between -XX:+UseParallelGC and -XX:+UseParNewGC

UseParNewGC usually knowns as "parallel young generation collector" is same in all ways as the parallel garbage collector (-XX:+UseParallelGC), except that its more sophiscated and effiecient. Also it can be used with a "concurrent low pause collector".

See Java GC FAQ, question 22 for more information.

Note that there are some known bugs with UseParNewGC

How to read html from a url in python 3

Reading an html page with urllib is fairly simple to do. Since you want to read it as a single string I will show you.

Import urllib.request:

#!/usr/bin/python3.5

import urllib.request

Prepare our request

request = urllib.request.Request('http://www.w3schools.com')

Always use a "try/except" when requesting a web page as things can easily go wrong. urlopen() requests the page.

try:
    response = urllib.request.urlopen(request)
except:
    print("something wrong")

Type is a great function that will tell us what 'type' a variable is. Here, response is a http.response object.

print(type(response))

The read function for our response object will store the html as bytes to our variable. Again type() will verify this.

htmlBytes = response.read()

print(type(htmlBytes))

Now we use the decode function for our bytes variable to get a single string.

htmlStr = htmlBytes.decode("utf8")

print(type(htmlStr))

If you do want to split up this string into separate lines, you can do so with the split() function. In this form we can easily iterate through to print out the entire page or do any other processing.

htmlSplit = htmlStr.split('\n')

print(type(htmlSplit))

for line in htmlSplit:
    print(line)

Hopefully this provides a little more detailed of an answer. Python documentation and tutorials are great, I would use that as a reference because it will answer most questions you might have.

Show a popup/message box from a Windows batch file

In order to do this, you need to have a small program that displays a messagebox and run that from your batch file.

You could open a console window that displays a prompt though, but getting a GUI message box using cmd.exe and friends only is not possible, AFAIK.

PHP Session Destroy on Log Out Button

First give the link of logout.php page in that logout button.In that page make the code which is given below:

Here is the code:

<?php
 session_start();
 session_destroy();
?>

When the session has started, the session for the last/current user has been started, so don't need to declare the username. It will be deleted automatically by the session_destroy method.

Setting a log file name to include current date in Log4j

DailyRollingFileAppender is what you exactly searching for.

<appender name="roll" class="org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender">
    <param name="File" value="application.log" />
    <param name="DatePattern" value=".yyyy-MM-dd" />
    <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout"> 
      <param name="ConversionPattern" 
          value="%d{yyyy-MMM-dd HH:mm:ss,SSS} [%t] %c %x%n  %-5p %m%n"/>
    </layout>
  </appender>

How to get a list of current open windows/process with Java?

The only way I can think of doing it is by invoking a command line application that does the job for you and then screenscraping the output (like Linux's ps and Window's tasklist).

Unfortunately, that'll mean you'll have to write some parsing routines to read the data from both.

Process proc = Runtime.getRuntime().exec ("tasklist.exe");
InputStream procOutput = proc.getInputStream ();
if (0 == proc.waitFor ()) {
    // TODO scan the procOutput for your data
}

"SSL certificate verify failed" using pip to install packages

If adding pypi.python.org as a trusted host does not work, you try adding files.pythonhosted.org. For example

python -m pip install --upgrade --trusted-host files.pythonhosted.org <package-name>

What is a deadlock?

Deadlock is a situation occurs when there is less number of available resources as it is requested by the different process. It means that when the number of available resources become less than it is requested by the user then at that time the process goes in waiting condition .Some times waiting increases more and there is not any chance to check out the problem of lackness of resources then this situation is known as deadlock . Actually, deadlock is a major problem for us and it occurs only in multitasking operating system .deadlock can not occur in single tasking operating system because all the resources are present only for that task which is currently running......

Purpose of #!/usr/bin/python3 shebang

That's called a hash-bang. If you run the script from the shell, it will inspect the first line to figure out what program should be started to interpret the script.

A non Unix based OS will use its own rules for figuring out how to run the script. Windows for example will use the filename extension and the # will cause the first line to be treated as a comment.

If the path to the Python executable is wrong, then naturally the script will fail. It is easy to create links to the actual executable from whatever location is specified by standard convention.

Convert an ISO date to the date format yyyy-mm-dd in JavaScript

let dt = new Date('2013-03-10T02:00:00Z');
let dd = dt.getDate();
let mm = dt.getMonth() + 1;
let yyyy = dt.getFullYear();

if (dd<10) {
    dd = '0' + dd;
}
if (mm<10) {
    mm = '0' + mm;
}
return yyyy + '-' + mm + '-' + dd;

How do I remove/delete a folder that is not empty?

Ten years later and using Python 3.7 and Linux there are still different ways to do this:

import subprocess
from pathlib import Path

#using pathlib.Path
path = Path('/path/to/your/dir')
subprocess.run(["rm", "-rf", str(path)])

#using strings
path = "/path/to/your/dir"
subprocess.run(["rm", "-rf", path])

Essentially it's using Python's subprocess module to run the bash script $ rm -rf '/path/to/your/dir as if you were using the terminal to accomplish the same task. It's not fully Python, but it gets it done.

The reason I included the pathlib.Path example is because in my experience it's very useful when dealing with many paths that change. The extra steps of importing the pathlib.Path module and converting the end results to strings is often a lower cost to me for development time. It would be convenient if Path.rmdir() came with an arg option to explicitly handle non-empty dirs.

Why does intellisense and code suggestion stop working when Visual Studio is open?

I spent a lot of time researching the same problem. Some solutions related this bug with some referenced assemblies. Others said that Microsoft.Windows.Design.Extension.dll and .Interactivity.dll should be in the references of the project. But none of these solutions worked for me.

I think it is a bug in Visual Studio 2012, Microsoft has to fix it.

Is there a keyboard shortcut (hotkey) to open Terminal in macOS?

As programmers we want the quickest, most fool-proof way to get our tools in order so we can start hacking. Here are how I got it to work in MacOS 10.13.1 (High Sierra):

  • Option 1: Go to System Preferences | Keyboard | Shortcut | Services. Under Files and Folders section, enable New Terminal at Folder and/or New Terminal Tab at Folder and assign a shortcut key to it. Keyboard shortcut config

  • Option 2: If you want the shortcut key to work anywhere, create a new Service using Automator, then go to the Keyboard Shortcut to assign a shortcut key to it. Known limitation: not work from the desktop

enter image description here

Notes:

  • If the shortcut doesn't work, it might be in conflict with another key binding (and the OS wouldn't warn you), try something else, e.g. if ??T doesn't work, try ??T.
  • Don't spell-correct MacOS, that's not necessary.

Http Get using Android HttpURLConnection

If you just need a very simple call, you can use URL directly:

import java.net.URL;

    new URL("http://wheredatapp.com").openStream();

How do you remove a specific revision in the git history?

Answers of rado and kareem do nothing for me (only message "Current branch is up to date." appears). Possibly this happens because '^' symbol doesn't work in Windows console. However, according to this comment, replacing '^' by '~1' solves the problem.

git rebase --onto <commit-id>^ <commit-id>

How to get Last record from Sqlite?

in sqlite, there is a table called sqlite_sequence, this table contains the table name and it's last id number (if the id is auto incremented).

So, to get the last row in a table just put :

Select * from TABLENAME where id=(SELECT * from sqlite_sequence where name ='TABLENAME')

Open Sublime Text from Terminal in macOS

I'm on a mac and this worked for me:

open /Applications/Sublime\ Text.app/Contents/SharedSupport/bin/subl

How can VBA connect to MySQL database in Excel?

Just a side note for anyone that stumbles onto this same inquiry... My Operating System is 64 bit - so of course I downloaded the 64 bit MySQL driver... however, my Office applications are 32 bit... Once I downloaded the 32 bit version, the error went away and I could move forward.

How do I force my .NET application to run as administrator?

While working on Visual Studio 2008, right click on Project -> Add New Item and then chose Application Manifest File.

In the manifest file, you will find the tag requestedExecutionLevel, and you may set the level to three values:

<requestedExecutionLevel level="asInvoker" uiAccess="false" />

OR

<requestedExecutionLevel level="requireAdministrator" uiAccess="false" />

OR

<requestedExecutionLevel level="highestAvailable" uiAccess="false" />

To set your application to run as administrator, you have to chose the middle one.

String comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase vs OrdinalIgnoreCase?

Neither code is always better. They do different things, so they are good at different things.

InvariantCultureIgnoreCase uses comparison rules based on english, but without any regional variations. This is good for a neutral comparison that still takes into account some linguistic aspects.

OrdinalIgnoreCase compares the character codes without cultural aspects. This is good for exact comparisons, like login names, but not for sorting strings with unusual characters like é or ö. This is also faster because there are no extra rules to apply before comparing.

Printing out all the objects in array list

Whenever you print any instance of your class, the default toString implementation of Object class is called, which returns the representation that you are getting. It contains two parts: - Type and Hashcode

So, in student.Student@82701e that you get as output ->

  • student.Student is the Type, and
  • 82701e is the HashCode

So, you need to override a toString method in your Student class to get required String representation: -

@Override
public String toString() {
    return "Student No: " + this.getStudentNo() + 
           ", Student Name: " + this.getStudentName();
}

So, when from your main class, you print your ArrayList, it will invoke the toString method for each instance, that you overrided rather than the one in Object class: -

List<Student> students = new ArrayList();

// You can directly print your ArrayList
System.out.println(students); 

// Or, iterate through it to print each instance
for(Student student: students) {
    System.out.println(student);  // Will invoke overrided `toString()` method
}

In both the above cases, the toString method overrided in Student class will be invoked and appropriate representation of each instance will be printed.

Drawing circles with System.Drawing

You'll need to use DrawEllipse if you want to draw a circle using GDI+.

An example is here: http://www.websupergoo.com/helpig6net/source/3-examples/9-drawgdi.htm

How do I get a python program to do nothing?

you can use pass inside if statement.

Structure of a PDF file?

I'm trying to do pretty much the same thing. The PDF reference is a very difficult document to read. This tutorial is a better start I think.

How do I connect to a terminal to a serial-to-USB device on Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)?

The serial port communication programs moserial or gtkterm provide an easy way to check connectivity and modify /dev/ttyUSB0 (or /dev/ttyUSB1!) settings. Even though there maybe only a single USB to RS232 adapter, the n designation /dev/ttyUSBn can and does change periodically! Both moserial and gtkterm will show what port designation is relevant in their respective pull down menus when selecting an appropriate port to use.

Check out help.ubuntu.com/community/Minicom for details on minicom.

MySQL config file location - redhat linux server

Default options are read from the following files in the given order:

/etc/mysql/my.cnf 
/etc/my.cnf 
~/.my.cnf 

How to make remote REST call inside Node.js? any CURL?

How about using Request — Simplified HTTP client.

Edit February 2020: Request has been deprecated so you probably shouldn't use it any more.

Here's a GET:

var request = require('request');
request('http://www.google.com', function (error, response, body) {
    if (!error && response.statusCode == 200) {
        console.log(body) // Print the google web page.
     }
})

OP also wanted a POST:

request.post('http://service.com/upload', {form:{key:'value'}})

What is the string length of a GUID?

I believe GUIDs are constrained to 16-byte lengths (or 32 bytes for an ASCII hex equivalent).

Install IPA with iTunes 11

For iTunes 11 and above version:

open your iTunes "Side Bar" by going to View -> Show Side Bar drag the mobileprovision and ipa files to your iTunes "Apps" under LIBRARY Then click on your device. open you device Apps from DEVICES and click install for the application and wait for iTunes to sync

Location of WSDL.exe

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v10.0A\bin\NETFX 4.6.1 Tools

Angular: Can't find Promise, Map, Set and Iterator

If you came here because you see these errors in Visual Studio 2017 then you have a different problem as above, if you succeed in compiling. This is because the language service doesn't pick your tsconfig.json.

https://developercommunity.visualstudio.com/content/problem/208941/vs-156-ignores-tsconfigjson-and-typescriptcompileb.html

You have to set the Build Action of your tsconfig.json to "Content"(Right click -> Properties), then VS will pick it up.

How do I add a library path in cmake?

You had better use find_library command instead of link_directories. Concretely speaking there are two ways:

  1. designate the path within the command

    find_library(NAMES gtest PATHS path1 path2 ... pathN)

  2. set the variable CMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH

    set(CMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH path1 path2)
    find_library(NAMES gtest)

the reason is as flowings:

Note This command is rarely necessary and should be avoided where there are other choices. Prefer to pass full absolute paths to libraries where possible, since this ensures the correct library will always be linked. The find_library() command provides the full path, which can generally be used directly in calls to target_link_libraries(). Situations where a library search path may be needed include: Project generators like Xcode where the user can switch target architecture at build time, but a full path to a library cannot be used because it only provides one architecture (i.e. it is not a universal binary).

Libraries may themselves have other private library dependencies that expect to be found via RPATH mechanisms, but some linkers are not able to fully decode those paths (e.g. due to the presence of things like $ORIGIN).

If a library search path must be provided, prefer to localize the effect where possible by using the target_link_directories() command rather than link_directories(). The target-specific command can also control how the search directories propagate to other dependent targets.

How can I know if a branch has been already merged into master?

git branch --merged master lists branches merged into master

git branch --merged lists branches merged into HEAD (i.e. tip of current branch)

git branch --no-merged lists branches that have not been merged

By default this applies to only the local branches. The -a flag will show both local and remote branches, and the -r flag shows only the remote branches.

jQuery hide and show toggle div with plus and minus icon

this works:

http://jsfiddle.net/UhEut/

CSS:

.show_hide {
    display:none;
}
.plus:after {
    content:" +";
}
.minus:after {
    content:" -";
}

jQuery:

$(document).ready(function(){
  $(".slidingDiv").hide();
  $(".show_hide").addClass("plus").show();
  $('.show_hide').toggle(
      function(){
          $(".slidingDiv").slideDown();
          $(this).addClass("minus");
          $(this).removeClass("plus");
      },
      function(){
          $(".slidingDiv").slideUp();
          $(this).addClass("plus");
          $(this).removeClass("minus");
      }
  );
});

HTML:

<a href="#" class="show_hide">Show/hide</a>

<div class="slidingDiv" style="display: block;">
Check out the updated jQuery plugin for doing this: <a href="http://papermashup.com/jquery-show-hide-plugin/" class="show_hide" target="_blank" style="display: inline;">jQuery Show / Hide Plugin</a>
</div>

in the CSS, instead of content:" +"; You can put an background-image (with background-position:right center; and background-repeat:no-repeat and maybe making the .show_hide displayed as block and give him a width, so that the bg-image is not overlayed by the link-text itself).

Use jquery to set value of div tag

if your value is a pure text (like 'test') you could use the text() method as well. like this:

$('div.total-title').text('test');

anyway, about the problem you are sharing, I think you might be calling the JavaScript code before the HTML code for the DIV is being sent to the browser. make sure you are calling the jQuery line in a <script> tag after the <div>, or in a statement like this:

$(document).ready(
    function() {
        $('div.total-title').text('test');
    }
);

this way the script executes after the HTML of the div is parsed by the browser.

Media Player called in state 0, error (-38,0)

I also got this error i tried with onPreparedListener but still got this error. Finally i got the solution that error is my fault because i forgot the internet permission in Android Manifest xml. :)

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

I used sample coding for mediaplayer. I used in StreamService.java
onCreate method

String url = "http://s17.myradiostream.com:11474/";
mediaPlayer = new MediaPlayer();            
mediaPlayer.setAudioStreamType(AudioManager.STREAM_MUSIC);
mediaPlayer.setDataSource(url);
mediaPlayer.prepare();

How to install mod_ssl for Apache httpd?

I found I needed to enable the SSL module in Apache (obviously prefix commands with sudo if you are not running as root):

a2enmod ssl

then restart Apache:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

More details of SSL in Apache for Ubuntu / Debian here.

How to Get Element By Class in JavaScript?

jQuery handles this easy.

let element = $(.myclass);
element.html("Some string");

It changes all the .myclass elements to that text.

Set icon for Android application

In AndroidManifest change these :

android:icon="@drawable/icon_name"
android:roundIcon="@drawable/icon_name"

Cannot obtain value of local or argument as it is not available at this instruction pointer, possibly because it has been optimized away

In Visual Studio 2017 or 2015:

Go to the Solution right click on solution then select Properties-> select all the Configuration-> Debug then click OK. After that Rebuild and Run,this solution worked for me.

How do I pull files from remote without overwriting local files?

Well, yes, and no...

I understand that you want your local copies to "override" what's in the remote, but, oh, man, if someone has modified the files in the remote repo in some different way, and you just ignore their changes and try to "force" your own changes without even looking at possible conflicts, well, I weep for you (and your coworkers) ;-)

That said, though, it's really easy to do the "right thing..."

Step 1:

git stash

in your local repo. That will save away your local updates into the stash, then revert your modified files back to their pre-edit state.

Step 2:

git pull

to get any modified versions. Now, hopefully, that won't get any new versions of the files you're worried about. If it doesn't, then the next step will work smoothly. If it does, then you've got some work to do, and you'll be glad you did.

Step 3:

git stash pop

That will merge your modified versions that you stashed away in Step 1 with the versions you just pulled in Step 2. If everything goes smoothly, then you'll be all set!

If, on the other hand, there were real conflicts between what you pulled in Step 2 and your modifications (due to someone else editing in the interim), you'll find out and be told to resolve them. Do it.

Things will work out much better this way - it will probably keep your changes without any real work on your part, while alerting you to serious, serious issues.

how to exit a python script in an if statement

This works fine for me:

while True:
   answer = input('Do you want to continue?:')
   if answer.lower().startswith("y"):
      print("ok, carry on then")
   elif answer.lower().startswith("n"):
      print("sayonara, Robocop")
      exit()

edit: use input in python 3.2 instead of raw_input

typeof !== "undefined" vs. != null

_x000D_
_x000D_
var bar = null;_x000D_
console.log(typeof bar === "object"); //true yes _x000D_
//because null a datatype of object_x000D_
_x000D_
var barf = "dff";_x000D_
console.log(typeof barf.constructor);//function_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_
console.log(Array.isArray(bar));//falsss_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_
console.log((bar !== null) && (bar.constructor === Object)); //false_x000D_
_x000D_
console.log((bar !== null) && (typeof bar === "object"));  // logs false_x000D_
//because bar!==null, bar is a object_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_
console.log((bar !== null) && ((typeof bar === "object") || (typeof bar === "function"))); //false_x000D_
_x000D_
console.log(typeof bar === typeof object); //false_x000D_
console.log(typeof bar2 === typeof undefined); //true_x000D_
console.log(typeof bar3 === typeof undefinedff); //true_x000D_
console.log(typeof bar2 == typeof undefined); //true_x000D_
_x000D_
console.log((bar !== null) && (typeof bar === "object") && (toString.call(bar) !== "[object Array]")); //false
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

MySQL count occurrences greater than 2

The HAVING option can be used for this purpose and query should be

SELECT word, COUNT(*) FROM words 
GROUP BY word
HAVING COUNT(*) > 1;

SQL Server String or binary data would be truncated

This error is thrown when the column of a table puts constraint [ mostly length ]. . E.g. if database schema for column myColumn is CHAR(2), then when your call from any of your application to insert value, you must pass String of length two.

The error basically says it; string of length three and above is inconsistent to fit the length restriction specified by database schema. That's why SQL Server warns and throws data loss/ Truncation error.

How to get temporary folder for current user

DO NOT use this:

System.Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TEMP")

Environment variables can be overridden, so the TEMP variable is not necessarily the directory.

The correct way is to use System.IO.Path.GetTempPath() as in the accepted answer.

Convert int to string?

string a = i.ToString();
string b = Convert.ToString(i);
string c = string.Format("{0}", i);
string d = $"{i}";
string e = "" + i;
string f = string.Empty + i;
string g = new StringBuilder().Append(i).ToString();

Regex AND operator

Maybe just an OR operator | could be enough for your problem:

String: foo,bar,baz

Regex: (foo)|(baz)

Result: ["foo", "baz"]

How to open this .DB file?

I don't think there is a way to tell which program to use from just the .db extension. It could even be an encrypted database which can't be opened. You can MS Access, or a sqlite manager.

Edit: Try to rename the file to .txt and open it with a text editor. The first couple of words in the file could tell you the DB Type.

If it is a SQLite database, it will start with "SQLite format 3"

Google Play Services Library update and missing symbol @integer/google_play_services_version

after the update to the last versión i had this problem with all my projects, but it was solved just adding again the library reference:

if you don´t have the library into your workspace in Eclipse you can add it with: File -> Import -> Existing Android Code Into Workspace -> browse and navigate to google-play-services_lib project lib, (android-sdk/extras/google/google_play_services/libproject).

enter image description here

then deleting /bin and /gen folders of my project (something similar to the clean option) and building my project again.

How can I center an image in Bootstrap?

Since the img is an inline element, Just use text-center on it's container. Using mx-auto will center the container (column) too.

<div class="row">
    <div class="col-4 mx-auto text-center">
        <img src="..">
    </div>
</div>

By default, images are display:inline. If you only want the center the image (and not the other column content), make the image display:block using the d-block class, and then mx-auto will work.

<div class="row">
  <div class="col-4">
    <img class="mx-auto d-block" src="..">
  </div>
</div>

Demo: http://codeply.com/go/iakGGLdB8s

On delete cascade with doctrine2

There are two kinds of cascades in Doctrine:

1) ORM level - uses cascade={"remove"} in the association - this is a calculation that is done in the UnitOfWork and does not affect the database structure. When you remove an object, the UnitOfWork will iterate over all objects in the association and remove them.

2) Database level - uses onDelete="CASCADE" on the association's joinColumn - this will add On Delete Cascade to the foreign key column in the database:

@ORM\JoinColumn(name="father_id", referencedColumnName="id", onDelete="CASCADE")

I also want to point out that the way you have your cascade={"remove"} right now, if you delete a Child object, this cascade will remove the Parent object. Clearly not what you want.

Java Replacing multiple different substring in a string at once (or in the most efficient way)

If you are going to be changing a String many times, then it is usually more efficient to use a StringBuilder (but measure your performance to find out):

String str = "The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain";
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(str);
// do your replacing in sb - although you'll find this trickier than simply using String
String newStr = sb.toString();

Every time you do a replace on a String, a new String object is created, because Strings are immutable. StringBuilder is mutable, that is, it can be changed as much as you want.

How to get the list of all installed color schemes in Vim?

If you have your vim compiled with +menu, you can follow menus with the :help of console-menu. From there, you can navigate to Edit.Color\ Scheme to get the same list as with in gvim.

Other method is to use a cool script ScrollColors that previews the colorschemes while you scroll the schemes with j/k.

Find PHP version on windows command line

You just need to find out where is your PHP folder.

  • If you are using XAMPP or WAMP then you will see a php folder.
  • You just need to go into the php folder using your cmd using command

cd \xampp\php (FOR XAMPP)

cd \wamp\php (FOR WAMP)

  • And then just type in this command

php -v

  • Then you will see something like

PHP 5.6.11 (cli) (built: Jul 9 2015 20:55:40) Copyright (c) 1997-2015 The PHP Group Zend Engine v2.6.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2015 Zend Technologies

Plot multiple lines in one graph

The answer by @Federico Giorgi was a very good answer. It helpt me. Therefore, I did the following, in order to produce multiple lines in the same plot from the data of a single dataset, I used a for loop. Legend can be added as well.

plot(tab[,1],type="b",col="red",lty=1,lwd=2, ylim=c( min( tab, na.rm=T ),max( tab, na.rm=T ) )  )
for( i in 1:length( tab )) { [enter image description here][1]
lines(tab[,i],type="b",col=i,lty=1,lwd=2)
  } 
axis(1,at=c(1:nrow(tab)),labels=rownames(tab))

How can I know if Object is String type object?

Could you not use typeof(object) to compare against

What's the difference between ngOnInit and ngAfterViewInit of Angular2?

Content is what is passed as children. View is the template of the current component.

The view is initialized before the content and ngAfterViewInit() is therefore called before ngAfterContentInit().

** ngAfterViewInit() is called when the bindings of the children directives (or components) have been checked for the first time. Hence its perfect for accessing and manipulating DOM with Angular 2 components. As @Günter Zöchbauer mentioned before is correct @ViewChild() hence runs fine inside it.

Example:

@Component({
    selector: 'widget-three',
    template: `<input #input1 type="text">`
})
export class WidgetThree{
    @ViewChild('input1') input1;

    constructor(private renderer:Renderer){}

    ngAfterViewInit(){
        this.renderer.invokeElementMethod(
            this.input1.nativeElement,
            'focus',
            []
        )
    }
}

Nginx: Permission denied for nginx on Ubuntu

Nginx needs to run by command 'sudo /etc/init.d/nginx start'

Deleting a local branch with Git

Ran into this today and switching to another branch didn't help. It turned out that somehow my worktree information had gotten corrupted and there was a worktree with the same folder path as my working directory with a HEAD pointing at the branch (git worktree list). I deleted the .git/worktree/ folder that was referencing it and git branch -d worked.

How do I create a slug in Django?

There is corner case with some utf-8 characters

Example:

>>> from django.template.defaultfilters import slugify
>>> slugify(u"test aescóln")
u'test-aescon' # there is no "l"

This can be solved with Unidecode

>>> from unidecode import unidecode
>>> from django.template.defaultfilters import slugify
>>> slugify(unidecode(u"test aescóln"))
u'test-aescoln'

How do I convert a Django QuerySet into list of dicts?

You need DjangoJSONEncoder and list to make your Queryset to json, ref: Python JSON serialize a Decimal object

import json
from django.core.serializers.json import DjangoJSONEncoder


blog = Blog.objects.all().values()
json.dumps(list(blog), cls=DjangoJSONEncoder)

Remove useless zero digits from decimals in PHP

This is my solution. I want to keep ability to add thousands separator

    $precision = 5;    
    $number = round($number, $precision);
    $decimals = strlen(substr(strrchr($number, '.'), 1));
    return number_format($number, $precision, '.', ',');

What does the term "Tuple" Mean in Relational Databases?

tuple = 1 record; n-tuple = ordered list of 'n' records; Elmasri Navathe book (page 198 3rd edition).

record = either ordered or unordered.

Bootstrap 3 offset on right not left

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<div class="row col-xs-12">            _x000D_
            <nav class="col-xs-12 col-xs-offset-7" aria-label="Page navigation">_x000D_
                <ul class="pagination mt-0">                   _x000D_
                    <li class="page-item">                        _x000D_
                        <div class="form-group">_x000D_
                            <div class="input-group">_x000D_
                                <input type="text" asp-for="search" class="form-control" placeholder="Search" aria-controls="order-listing" />_x000D_
_x000D_
                                <div class="input-group-prepend bg-info">_x000D_
                                    <input type="submit" value="Search" class="input-group-text bg-transparent">                                   _x000D_
                                </div>_x000D_
                            </div>_x000D_
                        </div>_x000D_
                    </li>_x000D_
                   _x000D_
                </ul>_x000D_
            </nav>_x000D_
        </div>
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How to check if a variable is NULL, then set it with a MySQL stored procedure?

@last_run_time is a 9.4. User-Defined Variables and last_run_time datetime one 13.6.4.1. Local Variable DECLARE Syntax, are different variables.

Try: SELECT last_run_time;

UPDATE

Example:

/* CODE FOR DEMONSTRATION PURPOSES */
DELIMITER $$

CREATE PROCEDURE `sp_test`()
BEGIN
    DECLARE current_procedure_name CHAR(60) DEFAULT 'accounts_general';
    DECLARE last_run_time DATETIME DEFAULT NULL;
    DECLARE current_run_time DATETIME DEFAULT NOW();

    -- Define the last run time
    SET last_run_time := (SELECT MAX(runtime) FROM dynamo.runtimes WHERE procedure_name = current_procedure_name);

    -- if there is no last run time found then use yesterday as starting point
    IF(last_run_time IS NULL) THEN
        SET last_run_time := DATE_SUB(NOW(), INTERVAL 1 DAY);
    END IF;

    SELECT last_run_time;

    -- Insert variables in table2
    INSERT INTO table2 (col0, col1, col2) VALUES (current_procedure_name, last_run_time, current_run_time);
END$$

DELIMITER ;

jquery change style of a div on click

you can use .css method of jquery..

reference css method

How do I convert date/time from 24-hour format to 12-hour AM/PM?

Use smaller h

// 24 hrs 
H:i 
// output 14:20

// 12 hrs 
h:i 
// output 2:20

MySQL: Set user variable from result of query

Yes, but you need to move the variable assignment into the query:

SET @user := 123456;
SELECT @group := `group` FROM user WHERE user = @user;
SELECT * FROM user WHERE `group` = @group;

Test case:

CREATE TABLE user (`user` int, `group` int);
INSERT INTO user VALUES (123456, 5);
INSERT INTO user VALUES (111111, 5);

Result:

SET @user := 123456;
SELECT @group := `group` FROM user WHERE user = @user;
SELECT * FROM user WHERE `group` = @group;

+--------+-------+
| user   | group |
+--------+-------+
| 123456 |     5 |
| 111111 |     5 |
+--------+-------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Note that for SET, either = or := can be used as the assignment operator. However inside other statements, the assignment operator must be := and not = because = is treated as a comparison operator in non-SET statements.


UPDATE:

Further to comments below, you may also do the following:

SET @user := 123456;
SELECT `group` FROM user LIMIT 1 INTO @group; 
SELECT * FROM user WHERE `group` = @group;

Handle file download from ajax post

Create a form, use the POST method, submit the form - there's no need for an iframe. When the server page responds to the request, write a response header for the mime type of the file, and it will present a download dialog - I've done this a number of times.

You want content-type of application/download - just search for how to provide a download for whatever language you're using.

Pure css close button

Edit: Updated css to match with what you have..

DEMO

HTML

<div>
    <span class="close-btn"><a href="#">X</a></span>
</div>

CSS

.close-btn {
    border: 2px solid #c2c2c2;
    position: relative;
    padding: 1px 5px;
    top: -20px;
    background-color: #605F61;
    left: 198px;
    border-radius: 20px;
}

.close-btn a {
    font-size: 15px;
    font-weight: bold;
    color: white;
    text-decoration: none;
}

Get all dates between two dates in SQL Server

You can use SQL Server recursive CTE

DECLARE 
    @MinDate DATE = '2020-01-01',
    @MaxDate DATE = '2020-02-01';

WITH Dates(day) AS 
(
    SELECT CAST(@MinDate as Date) as day
    UNION ALL
    SELECT CAST(DATEADD(day, 1, day) as Date) as day
    FROM Dates
    WHERE CAST(DATEADD(day, 1, day) as Date) < @MaxDate
)
SELECT* FROM dates;

Align nav-items to right side in bootstrap-4

TL;DR:

Create another <ul class="navbar-nav ml-auto"> for the navbar items you want on the right.
ml-auto will pull your navbar-nav to the right where mr-auto will pull it to the left.

Tested against Bootstrap v4.5.2

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
  <style>
    /* Stackoverflow preview fix, please ignore */
    .navbar-nav {
      flex-direction: row;
    }
    
    .nav-link {
      padding-right: .5rem !important;
      padding-left: .5rem !important;
    }
    
    /* Fixes dropdown menus placed on the right side */
    .ml-auto .dropdown-menu {
      left: auto !important;
      right: 0px;
    }
  </style>
</head>
<body>
<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-lg navbar-dark bg-primary rounded">
  <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">Navbar</a>
  <ul class="navbar-nav mr-auto">
    <li class="nav-item active">
      <a class="nav-link">Left Link 1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a class="nav-link">Left Link 2</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
  <ul class="navbar-nav ml-auto">
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a class="nav-link">Right Link 1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item dropdown">
      <a class="nav-link dropdown-toggle" href="#" id="navbarDropdown" role="button" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">            Dropdown on Right</a>
      <div class="dropdown-menu" aria-labelledby="navbarDropdown">
        <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Action</a>
        <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Another action with a lot of text inside of an item</a>
      </div>
    </li>
  </ul>
</nav>
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
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As you can see additional styling rules have been added to account for some oddities in Stackoverflows preview box.
You should be able to safely ignore those rules in your project.

As of v4.0.0 this seems to be the official way to do it.

EDIT: I modified the Post to include a dropdown placed on the right side of the navbar as suggested by @Bruno. It needs its left and right attributes to be inverted. I added an extra snippet of css to the beginning of the example code.
Please note, that the example shows the mobile version when you click the Run code snippet button. To view the desktop version you must click the Expand snippet button.

.ml-auto .dropdown-menu {
    left: auto !important;
    right: 0px;
}

Including this in your stylesheet should do the trick.

Array or List in Java. Which is faster?

List is the preferred way in java 1.5 and beyond as it can use generics. Arrays cannot have generics. Also Arrays have a pre defined length, which cannot grow dynamically. Initializing an array with a large size is not a good idea. ArrayList is the the way to declare an array with generics and it can dynamically grow. But if delete and insert is used more frequently, then linked list is the fastest data structure to be used.

Detecting a mobile browser

A really good way of detecting mobile or tablet devices is by looking if the browser can create a touch event.

Plain JavaScript Code:

function isMobile() {
   try{ document.createEvent("TouchEvent"); return true; }
   catch(e){ return false; }
}

if (isMobile()) {
   # do whatever you wanna do!
}

This worked for me really well, but there may be a problem with laptop devices which include a touchscreen display.

I am not sure if a touchscreen Laptop will get detected as a mobile device because I haven't tested it yet.

I have Python on my Ubuntu system, but gcc can't find Python.h

Go to Synaptic package manager. Reload -> Search for python -> select the python package you want -> Submit -> Install Works for me ;)

Exactly, the package you need to install is python-dev.

Creating SVG elements dynamically with javascript inside HTML

To facilitate svg editing you can use an intermediate function:

function getNode(n, v) {
  n = document.createElementNS("http://www.w3.org/2000/svg", n);
  for (var p in v)
    n.setAttributeNS(null, p, v[p]);
  return n
}

Now you can write:

svg.appendChild( getNode('rect', { width:200, height:20, fill:'#ff0000' }) );

Example (with an improved getNode function allowing camelcase for property with dash, eg strokeWidth > stroke-width):

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_x000D_
function getNode(n, v) {_x000D_
  n = document.createElementNS("http://www.w3.org/2000/svg", n);_x000D_
  for (var p in v)_x000D_
    n.setAttributeNS(null, p.replace(/[A-Z]/g, function(m, p, o, s) { return "-" + m.toLowerCase(); }), v[p]);_x000D_
  return n_x000D_
}_x000D_
_x000D_
var svg = getNode("svg");_x000D_
document.body.appendChild(svg);_x000D_
_x000D_
var r = getNode('rect', { x: 10, y: 10, width: 100, height: 20, fill:'#ff00ff' });_x000D_
svg.appendChild(r);_x000D_
_x000D_
var r = getNode('rect', { x: 20, y: 40, width: 100, height: 40, rx: 8, ry: 8, fill: 'pink', stroke:'purple', strokeWidth:7 });_x000D_
svg.appendChild(r);
_x000D_
_x000D_
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What's the best way to check if a file exists in C?

Use stat like this:

#include <sys/stat.h>   // stat
#include <stdbool.h>    // bool type

bool file_exists (char *filename) {
  struct stat   buffer;   
  return (stat (filename, &buffer) == 0);
}

and call it like this:

#include <stdio.h>      // printf

int main(int ac, char **av) {
    if (ac != 2)
        return 1;

    if (file_exists(av[1]))
        printf("%s exists\n", av[1]);
    else
        printf("%s does not exist\n", av[1]);

    return 0;
}

Converting a factor to numeric without losing information R (as.numeric() doesn't seem to work)

First, factor consists of indices and levels. This fact is very very important when you are struggling with factor.

For example,

> z <- factor(letters[c(3, 2, 3, 4)])

# human-friendly display, but internal structure is invisible
> z
[1] c b c d
Levels: b c d

# internal structure of factor
> unclass(z)
[1] 2 1 2 3
attr(,"levels")
[1] "b" "c" "d"

here, z has 4 elements.
The index is 2, 1, 2, 3 in that order.
The level is associated with each index: 1 -> b, 2 -> c, 3 -> d.

Then, as.numeric converts simply the index part of factor into numeric.
as.character handles the index and levels, and generates character vector expressed by its level.

?as.numeric says that Factors are handled by the default method.

How to Pass data from child to parent component Angular

Register the EventEmitter in your child component as the @Output:

@Output() onDatePicked = new EventEmitter<any>();

Emit value on click:

public pickDate(date: any): void {
    this.onDatePicked.emit(date);
}

Listen for the events in your parent component's template:

<div>
    <calendar (onDatePicked)="doSomething($event)"></calendar>
</div>

and in the parent component:

public doSomething(date: any):void {
    console.log('Picked date: ', date);
}

It's also well explained in the official docs: Component interaction.

How can I mix LaTeX in with Markdown?

What language are you using?

If you can use ruby, then maruku can be configured to process maths using various latex->MathML converters. Instiki uses this. It's also possible to extend PHPMarkdown to use itex2MML as well to convert maths. Basically, you insert extra steps in the Markdown engine at the appropriate points.

So with ruby and PHP, this is done. I guess these solutions could also be adapted to other languages - I've gotten the itex2MML extension to produce perl bindings as well.

Eclipse error "Could not find or load main class"

I had this same problem with Eclipse-Mars. I had a working project then put it in my Git repository. That broke the execution (I guess because the actual Java files got moved to the git location and no longer existed in my workspace). I did a Maven>Update and it now works.

HTTP status code for update and delete?

Here's some status code, which you should know for your kind of knowledge.

1XX Information Responses

  • 100 Continue
  • 101 Switching Protocols
  • 102 Processing
  • 103 Early Hints

2XX Success

  • 200 OK
  • 201 Created
  • 202 Accepted
  • 203 Non-Authoritative Information
  • 204 No Content
  • 205 Reset Content
  • 206 Partial Content
  • 207 Multi-Status
  • 208 Already Reported
  • 226 IM Used

3XX Redirection

  • 300 Multiple Choices
  • 301 Moved Permanently
  • 302 Found
  • 303 See Other
  • 304 Not Modified
  • 305 Use Proxy
  • 306 Switch Proxy
  • 307 Temporary Redirect
  • 308 Permanent Redirect

4XX Client errors

  • 400 Bad Request
  • 401 Unauthorized
  • 402 Payment Required
  • 403 Forbidden
  • 404 Not Found
  • 405 Method Not Allowed
  • 406 Not Acceptable
  • 407 Proxy Authentication Required
  • 408 Request Timeout
  • 409 Conflict
  • 410 Gone
  • 411 Length Required
  • 412 Precondition Failed
  • 413 Payload Too Large
  • 414 URI Too Long
  • 415 Unsupported Media Type
  • 416 Range Not Satisfiable
  • 417 Expectation Failed
  • 418 I'm a teapot
  • 420 Method Failure
  • 421 Misdirected Request
  • 422 Unprocessable Entity
  • 423 Locked
  • 424 Failed Dependency
  • 426 Upgrade Required
  • 428 Precondition Required
  • 429 Too Many Requests
  • 431 Request Header Fields Too Large
  • 451 Unavailable For Legal Reasons

5XX Server errors

  • 500 Internal Server error
  • 501 Not Implemented
  • 502 Bad Gateway
  • 503 Service Unavailable
  • 504 gateway Timeout
  • 505 Http version not supported
  • 506 Varient Also negotiate
  • 507 Insufficient Storage
  • 508 Loop Detected
  • 510 Not Extended
  • 511 Network Authentication Required

Where's javax.servlet?

If you've got the Java EE JDK with Glassfish, it's in glassfish3/glassfish/modules/javax.servlet-api.jar.

An internal error occurred during: "Updating Maven Project". Unsupported IClasspathEntry kind=4

I imported the project as general project from git repository.

  • Deleted .settings, .project and .classpath in project's folder
  • Configure -> Convert to Maven Project. Only this solved the problem in my case.

How to add text to an existing div with jquery

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_x000D_
$(function () {_x000D_
  $('#Add').click(function () {_x000D_
    $('<p>Text</p>').appendTo('#Content');_x000D_
  });_x000D_
}); 
_x000D_
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>_x000D_
 <div id="Content">_x000D_
    <button id="Add">Add<button>_x000D_
 </div>
_x000D_
_x000D_
_x000D_

NSPhotoLibraryUsageDescription key must be present in Info.plist to use camera roll

Add following code in info.plist file

<key>NSPhotoLibraryUsageDescription</key>
<string>My description about why I need this capability</string>

enter image description here

Can you write nested functions in JavaScript?

Functions are first class objects that can be:

  • Defined within your function
  • Created just like any other variable or object at any point in your function
  • Returned from your function (which may seem obvious after the two above, but still)

To build on the example given by Kenny:

   function a(x) {
      var w = function b(y) {
        return x + y;
      }
      return w;
   };

   var returnedFunction = a(3);
   alert(returnedFunction(2));

Would alert you with 5.

How do I use Wget to download all images into a single folder, from a URL?

wget -nd -r -l 2 -A jpg,jpeg,png,gif http://t.co
  • -nd: no directories (save all files to the current directory; -P directory changes the target directory)
  • -r -l 2: recursive level 2
  • -A: accepted extensions
wget -nd -H -p -A jpg,jpeg,png,gif -e robots=off example.tumblr.com/page/{1..2}
  • -H: span hosts (wget doesn't download files from different domains or subdomains by default)
  • -p: page requisites (includes resources like images on each page)
  • -e robots=off: execute command robotos=off as if it was part of .wgetrc file. This turns off the robot exclusion which means you ignore robots.txt and the robot meta tags (you should know the implications this comes with, take care).

Example: Get all .jpg files from an exemplary directory listing:

$ wget -nd -r -l 1 -A jpg http://example.com/listing/

Objective-C - Remove last character from string

If it's an NSMutableString (which I would recommend since you're changing it dynamically), you can use:

[myString deleteCharactersInRange:NSMakeRange([myRequestString length]-1, 1)];

Set the space between Elements in Row Flutter

You can use Spacers if all you want is a little bit of spacing between items in a row. The example below centers 2 Text widgets within a row with some spacing between them.

Spacer creates an adjustable, empty spacer that can be used to tune the spacing between widgets in a Flex container, like Row or Column.

In a row, if we want to put space between two widgets such that it occupies all remaining space.

    widget = Row (
    children: <Widget>[
      Spacer(flex: 20),
      Text(
        "Item #1",
      ),
      Spacer(),  // Defaults to flex: 1
      Text(
        "Item #2",
      ),
      Spacer(flex: 20),
    ]
  );

Is there a simple JavaScript slider?

HTML 5 with Webforms 2 provides an <input type="range"> which will make the browser generate a native slider for you. Unfortunately all browsers doesn't have support for this, however google has implemented all Webforms 2 controls with js. IIRC the js is intelligent enough to know if the browser has implemented the control, and triggers only if there is no native implementation.

From my point of view it should be considered best practice to use the browsers native controls when possible.

how to disable DIV element and everything inside

Try this!

$("#test *").attr("disabled", "disabled").off('click');

I don't see you using jquery above, but you have it listed as a tag.

Cant get text of a DropDownList in code - can get value but not text

What about

lstCountry.Items[lstCountry.SelectedIndex].Text;

Get Month name from month number

For short month names use:

string monthName = new DateTime(2010, 8, 1)
    .ToString("MMM", CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);

For long/full month names for Spanish ("es") culture

string fullMonthName = new DateTime(2015, i, 1).ToString("MMMM", CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("es"));

How to change Navigation Bar color in iOS 7?

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];

    self.navigationController.navigationBar.barTintColor = [UIColor blueColor];
}