How to set child process' environment variable in Makefile

157

I would like to change this Makefile:

SHELL := /bin/bash
PATH  := node_modules/.bin:$(PATH)

boot:
    @supervisor         \
      --harmony         \
      --watch etc,lib       \
      --extensions js,json      \
      --no-restart-on error     \
        lib

test:
    NODE_ENV=test mocha         \
      --harmony             \
      --reporter spec       \
        test

clean:
    @rm -rf node_modules

.PHONY: test clean

to:

SHELL := /bin/bash
PATH  := node_modules/.bin:$(PATH)

boot:
    @supervisor         \
      --harmony         \
      --watch etc,lib       \
      --extensions js,json      \
      --no-restart-on error     \
        lib

test: NODE_ENV=test
test:
    mocha                   \
      --harmony             \
      --reporter spec       \
        test

clean:
    @rm -rf node_modules

.PHONY: test clean

Unfortunately the second one does not work (the node process still runs with the default NODE_ENV.

What did I miss?

This question is tagged with shell makefile environment-variables target

~ Asked on 2014-05-24 08:52:52

The Best Answer is


168

Make variables are not exported into the environment of processes make invokes... by default. However you can use make's export to force them to do so. Change:

test: NODE_ENV = test

to this:

test: export NODE_ENV = test

(assuming you have a sufficiently modern version of GNU make >= 3.77 ).

~ Answered on 2014-05-24 13:06:01


110

As MadScientist pointed out, you can export individual variables with:

export MY_VAR = foo  # Available for all targets

Or export variables for a specific target (target-specific variables):

my-target: export MY_VAR_1 = foo
my-target: export MY_VAR_2 = bar
my-target: export MY_VAR_3 = baz

my-target: dependency_1 dependency_2
  echo do something

You can also specify the .EXPORT_ALL_VARIABLES target to—you guessed it!—EXPORT ALL THE THINGS!!!:

.EXPORT_ALL_VARIABLES:

MY_VAR_1 = foo
MY_VAR_2 = bar
MY_VAR_3 = baz

test:
  @echo $$MY_VAR_1 $$MY_VAR_2 $$MY_VAR_3

see .EXPORT_ALL_VARIABLES

~ Answered on 2018-03-28 00:41:21


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