[ios] Figure out size of UILabel based on String in Swift

I am trying to calculate the height of a UILabel based on different String lengths.

func calculateContentHeight() -> CGFloat{
    var maxLabelSize: CGSize = CGSizeMake(frame.size.width - 48, CGFloat(9999))
    var contentNSString = contentText as NSString
    var expectedLabelSize = contentNSString.boundingRectWithSize(maxLabelSize, options: NSStringDrawingOptions.UsesLineFragmentOrigin, attributes: [NSFontAttributeName: UIFont.systemFontOfSize(16.0)], context: nil)
    return expectedLabelSize.size.height


Above is the current function I use to determine the height but it is not working. I would greatly appreciate any help I can get. I would perfer the answer in Swift and not Objective C.

This question is related to ios iphone string swift3 uilabel

The answer is

Use an extension on String

Swift 3

extension String {
    func height(withConstrainedWidth width: CGFloat, font: UIFont) -> CGFloat {
        let constraintRect = CGSize(width: width, height: .greatestFiniteMagnitude)
        let boundingBox = self.boundingRect(with: constraintRect, options: .usesLineFragmentOrigin, attributes: [NSFontAttributeName: font], context: nil)
        return ceil(boundingBox.height)

    func width(withConstrainedHeight height: CGFloat, font: UIFont) -> CGFloat {
        let constraintRect = CGSize(width: .greatestFiniteMagnitude, height: height)
        let boundingBox = self.boundingRect(with: constraintRect, options: .usesLineFragmentOrigin, attributes: [NSFontAttributeName: font], context: nil)

        return ceil(boundingBox.width)

and also on NSAttributedString (which is very useful at times)

extension NSAttributedString {
    func height(withConstrainedWidth width: CGFloat) -> CGFloat {
        let constraintRect = CGSize(width: width, height: .greatestFiniteMagnitude)
        let boundingBox = boundingRect(with: constraintRect, options: .usesLineFragmentOrigin, context: nil)
        return ceil(boundingBox.height)

    func width(withConstrainedHeight height: CGFloat) -> CGFloat {
        let constraintRect = CGSize(width: .greatestFiniteMagnitude, height: height)
        let boundingBox = boundingRect(with: constraintRect, options: .usesLineFragmentOrigin, context: nil)
        return ceil(boundingBox.width)

Swift 4 & 5

Just change the value for attributes in the extension String methods


[NSFontAttributeName: font]


[.font : font]

For multiline text this answer is not working correctly. You can build a different String extension by using UILabel

extension String {
func height(constraintedWidth width: CGFloat, font: UIFont) -> CGFloat {
    let label =  UILabel(frame: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: .greatestFiniteMagnitude))
    label.numberOfLines = 0
    label.text = self
    label.font = font

    return label.frame.height

The UILabel gets a fixed width and the .numberOfLines is set to 0. By adding the text and calling .sizeToFit() it automatically adjusts to the correct height.

Code is written in Swift 3

Heres a simple solution thats working for me... similar to some of the others posted, but it doesn't not include the need for calling sizeToFit

Note this is written in Swift 5

let lbl = UILabel()
lbl.numberOfLines = 0
lbl.font = UIFont.systemFont(ofSize: 12) // make sure you set this correctly 
lbl.text = "My text that may or may not wrap lines..."

let width = 100.0 // the width of the view you are constraint to, keep in mind any applied margins here

let height = lbl.systemLayoutSizeFitting(CGSize(width: width, height: UIView.layoutFittingCompressedSize.height), withHorizontalFittingPriority: .required, verticalFittingPriority: .fittingSizeLevel).height

This handles line wrapping and such. Not the most elegant code, but it gets the job done.

This is my answer in Swift 4.1 and Xcode 9.4.1

//This is your label
let proNameLbl = UILabel(frame: CGRect(x: 0, y: 20, width: 300, height: height))
proNameLbl.text = "This is your text"
proNameLbl.font = UIFont.systemFont(ofSize: 17)
proNameLbl.numberOfLines = 0
proNameLbl.lineBreakMode = .byWordWrapping

//Function to calculate height for label based on text
func heightForView(text:String, font:UIFont, width:CGFloat) -> CGFloat {
    let label:UILabel = UILabel(frame: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: CGFloat.greatestFiniteMagnitude))
    label.numberOfLines = 0
    label.lineBreakMode = NSLineBreakMode.byWordWrapping
    label.font = font
    label.text = text

    return label.frame.height

Now you call this function

//Call this function
let height = heightForView(text: "This is your text", font: UIFont.systemFont(ofSize: 17), width: 300)
print(height)//Output : 41.0

extension String{

    func widthWithConstrainedHeight(_ height: CGFloat, font: UIFont) -> CGFloat {
        let constraintRect = CGSize(width: CGFloat.greatestFiniteMagnitude, height: height)

        let boundingBox = self.boundingRect(with: constraintRect, options: NSStringDrawingOptions.usesLineFragmentOrigin, attributes: [NSFontAttributeName: font], context: nil)

        return ceil(boundingBox.width)

    func heightWithConstrainedWidth(_ width: CGFloat, font: UIFont) -> CGFloat? {
        let constraintRect = CGSize(width: width, height: CGFloat.greatestFiniteMagnitude)
        let boundingBox = self.boundingRect(with: constraintRect, options: NSStringDrawingOptions.usesLineFragmentOrigin, attributes: [NSFontAttributeName: font], context: nil)

        return ceil(boundingBox.height)


Swift 5:

If you have UILabel and someway boundingRect isn't working for you (I faced this problem. It always returned 1 line height.) there is an extension to easily calculate label size.

extension UILabel {
    func getSize(constrainedWidth: CGFloat) -> CGSize {
        return systemLayoutSizeFitting(CGSize(width: constrainedWidth, height: UIView.layoutFittingCompressedSize.height), withHorizontalFittingPriority: .required, verticalFittingPriority: .fittingSizeLevel)

You can use it like this:

let label = UILabel()
label.text = "My text\nIs\nAwesome"
let labelSize = label.getSize(constrainedWidth:200.0)

Works for me

I found that the accepted answer worked for a fixed width, but not a fixed height. For a fixed height, it would just increase the width to fit everything on one line, unless there was a line break in the text.

The width function calls the height function multiple times, but it is a quick calculation and I didn't notice performance issues using the function in the rows of a UITable.

extension String {

    public func height(withConstrainedWidth width: CGFloat, font: UIFont) -> CGFloat {
        let constraintRect = CGSize(width: width, height: .greatestFiniteMagnitude)
        let boundingBox = self.boundingRect(with: constraintRect, options: .usesLineFragmentOrigin, attributes: [.font : font], context: nil)

        return ceil(boundingBox.height)

    public func width(withConstrainedHeight height: CGFloat, font: UIFont, minimumTextWrapWidth:CGFloat) -> CGFloat {

        var textWidth:CGFloat = minimumTextWrapWidth
        let incrementWidth:CGFloat = minimumTextWrapWidth * 0.1
        var textHeight:CGFloat = self.height(withConstrainedWidth: textWidth, font: font)

        //Increase width by 10% of minimumTextWrapWidth until minimum width found that makes the text fit within the specified height
        while textHeight > height {
            textWidth += incrementWidth
            textHeight = self.height(withConstrainedWidth: textWidth, font: font)
        return ceil(textWidth)

Check label text height and it is working on it

let labelTextSize = ((labelDescription.text)! as NSString).boundingRect(
                with: CGSize(width: labelDescription.frame.width, height: .greatestFiniteMagnitude),
                options: .usesLineFragmentOrigin,
                attributes: [.font: labelDescription.font],
                context: nil).size
            if labelTextSize.height > labelDescription.bounds.height {
                viewMoreOrLess.hide(byHeight: false)
                viewLess.hide(byHeight: false)
            else {
                viewMoreOrLess.hide(byHeight: true)
                viewLess.hide(byHeight: true)


In Swift 5:

label.textRect(forBounds: label.bounds, limitedToNumberOfLines: 1)

btw, the value of limitedToNumberOfLines depends on your label's text lines you want.

This solution will help to calculate the height and width at runtime.

    let messageText = "Your Text String"
    let size = CGSize.init(width: 250, height: 1000)
    let options = NSStringDrawingOptions.usesFontLeading.union(.usesLineFragmentOrigin)
    let estimateFrame = NSString(string: messageText).boundingRect(with:  size, options: options, attributes: [NSAttributedString.Key.font: UIFont(name: "HelveticaNeue", size: 17)!], context: nil)

Here you can calculate the estimated height that your string would take and pass it to the UILabel frame.


@IBOutlet weak var constraintTxtV: NSLayoutConstraint!
func TextViewDynamicallyIncreaseSize() {
    let contentSize = self.txtVDetails.sizeThatFits(self.txtVDetails.bounds.size)
    let higntcons = contentSize.height
    constraintTxtV.constant = higntcons

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