[android] Error : Program type already present: android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout$Behavior

I am getting the following error while building the project. haven't used CoordinatorLayout in this project. just added as a dependency in build.gradle :

I am using Android Studio 3.2 Canary 4.


AGPBI: {"kind":"error","text":"Program type already present: android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout$Behavior","sources":[{}],"tool":"D8"} :app:transformDexArchiveWithExternalLibsDexMergerForDebug FAILED FAILURE: Build failed with an exception. * What went wrong: Execution failed for task ':app:transformDexArchiveWithExternalLibsDexMergerForDebug'.

com.android.builder.dexing.DexArchiveMergerException: Error while merging dex archives: /windows/Other/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/0.jar, /windows/Other/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/1.jar, /windows/Other/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/4.jar, . . ...................


Program type already present: android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout$Behavior


apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

apply plugin: 'kotlin-android'

apply plugin: 'kotlin-android-extensions'
apply plugin: 'kotlin-kapt'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 27
    buildToolsVersion "27.0.3"
    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "com.dagkot"
        minSdkVersion 16
        targetSdkVersion 27
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
        testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
            buildConfigField "String", "BASE_URL", "\"http://api.openweathermap.org/data/2.5/\""
            buildConfigField "String", "API_KEY", "\"435e9075f348868c2714fe7c6895efa5\""
        debug {
        minifyEnabled false
        proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
        buildConfigField "String", "BASE_URL", "\"http://api.openweathermap.org/data/2.5/\""
        buildConfigField "String", "API_KEY", "\"xxxx\""

dependencies {
    implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.0'
    implementation 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:1.0.2'
    testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
    androidTestImplementation('com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.1', {
        exclude group: 'com.android.support', module: 'support-annotations'

    // Dagger dependencies
    compileOnly 'org.glassfish:javax.annotation:10.0-b28'
    implementation "com.google.dagger:dagger:$rootProject.daggerVersion"
    implementation "com.google.dagger:dagger-android:$rootProject.daggerVersion"
    implementation "com.google.dagger:dagger-android-support:$rootProject.daggerVersion"
    kapt "com.google.dagger:dagger-android-processor:$rootProject.daggerVersion"
    kapt "com.google.dagger:dagger-compiler:$rootProject.daggerVersion"

    //Butterknife dependencies
    implementation 'com.jakewharton:butterknife:8.8.1'
    kapt 'com.jakewharton:butterknife-compiler:8.8.1'

    // Architecture Components Dependencies
    kapt "android.arch.lifecycle:compiler:$rootProject.lifeCycle"
    implementation "android.arch.lifecycle:extensions:$rootProject.lifeCycle"
    implementation "android.arch.lifecycle:reactivestreams:$rootProject.lifeCycle"
    implementation "com.android.support:cardview-v7:$rootProject.supportLibraryVersion"

    // Retrofit/RxJava Dependencies
    implementation "com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:$rootProject.retrofitVersion"
    implementation "com.squareup.retrofit2:adapter-rxjava2:$rootProject.retrofitVersion"
    implementation "com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-gson:$rootProject.retrofitVersion"
    implementation "io.reactivex.rxjava2:rxandroid:$rootProject.rxAndroidVersion"
    implementation 'com.squareup.okhttp3:logging-interceptor:3.6.0'
    implementation 'com.jakewharton.rxbinding2:rxbinding-kotlin:2.1.1'

    // GSON
    implementation "com.google.code.gson:gson:$rootProject.gsonVersion"

    // Rx Location Manager
    implementation 'io.nlopez.smartlocation:library:3.3.3'
    implementation 'io.nlopez.smartlocation:rx:3.3.1'

    //Anko Dependencies
    implementation "org.jetbrains.anko:anko-commons:$rootProject.anko_version"
    implementation "org.jetbrains.anko:anko-design:$rootProject.anko_version"
    implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.0.2'

    implementation("com.github.hotchemi:permissionsdispatcher:3.1.0") {
        // if you don't use android.app.Fragment you can exclude support for them
        exclude module: "support-v13"
    kapt "com.github.hotchemi:permissionsdispatcher-processor:3.1.0"

This question is related to android kotlin dagger-2 android-coordinatorlayout

The answer is

Make sure these two are the same version in your app level build.gradle file

    implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.1'
    implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.1.1'

I think that should solve the problem

I downgrade the support

previously it was
implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.0.2'

Use it

implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.0'

implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.1.0'

Its Working Happy Codng


implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.1'

Don't use like

implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.+'

It may give you an error and don't use an older version than this.

or event don't do like this

implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.1'
implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.1.1' 

etc... numbers of libraries and then

implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.+'

the same library but it has a different version, it can give you an error.

I know it's a late answer but I had the same problem and my solution was just adding implementation 'com.android.support:design:28.0.0 or any above support design libraries !!

The solution for this is that remove this following dependency:

implementation 'com.android.support:design:26.1.0'

put general dependencies as:

dependencies {
    implementation fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
    //noinspection GradleCompatible
    implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.1'
    implementation 'com.android.support:support-compat:26.1.0'
    implementation 'com.android.support:multidex:1.0.3'    
    implementation 'com.android.support:support-v4:26.1.0'
    testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
    androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.2'
    androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.2'
    implementation 'com.facebook.android:audience-network-sdk:4.99.1'

Important Update

Android support libraries will not be updated after 28.0.0. According to Support Library Release Notes -

This will be the last feature release under the android.support packaging, and developers are encouraged to migrate to AndroidX 1.0.0.

So use AndroidX support libraries instead. In your case design library is now available in material package.

dependencies {
    implementation 'com.google.android.material:material:1.0.0' // instead of design
    implementation 'androidx.appcompat:appcompat:1.0.2' // instead of support-v7

I have put latest versions in dependency, you can check latest version here at read time.

Useful Posts :

  1. AndroidX introduction & integration
  2. Learn about Jetifier (engine behind AndroidX migration)
  3. Some Do's and Dont's

It might be cause of a library, I faced it because of Glide.

It was

implementation 'com.github.bumptech.glide:glide:4.7.1'

So I added exclude group: "com.android.support" And it becomes

implementation ('com.github.bumptech.glide:glide:4.7.1') {
        exclude group: "com.android.support"

Your build script should match with application build.gradle dependencies.

ext {
        buildToolsVersion = "27.0.3"
        minSdkVersion = 16
        compileSdkVersion = 27
        targetSdkVersion = 26
        supportLibVersion = "27.1.1"

dependencies {

    implementation 'com.android.support:support-v4:27.1.0'
    implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.1.0'

if you want to downgrade dependencies then also downgrade supportLibVersion and buildToolsVersion .

I faced the same problem, I added android support design dependencies to the app level build.gradle

Add following:

implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.1.0'

in build.gradle. Now its working for me.

Personally, I add the following line to my app/build.gradle:

implementation "com.android.support:design:${rootProject.ext.supportLibVersion}"

With this syntax, version is dynamical.

If any of the answers mentioned here doesn't work then go to File > Invalidate Catches/Restart

I m using android studio 3.0 and i upgrade the design pattern dependency from 26.0.1 to 27.1.1 and the error is gone now.

Add Following in gradle implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.1.1'

Use the latest supportLibrary, version 27.1.1 to solve the problem. worked for me. (many bug fixes included - see changelog)

"Program type already exists" Remove your /build directory contents, it has some Dex(?) problem with the generated binary files. Got to those answers just like you, they helped to resolve this problem but created many others. Build contents removal works for all.

This can happens when one library is loaded into gradle several times. Most often through other connected libraries.

Remove a implementation this library in build.gradle

Then Build -> Clear project

and you can run the assembly)

Adding this to project's gradle.properties fixed it for us:


I had this problem too; and i resolved that in this way:

configurations.all {
resolutionStrategy.eachDependency { DependencyResolveDetails details ->
    def requested = details.requested
    if (requested.group == 'com.android.support') {
        if (!requested.name.startsWith("multidex")) {
            details.useVersion '26.0.1'

be careful my min SDk was 26 , you have to change it with yours!

I also faced same problem. But then I realised that the versions I am using of support libraries was not same.

Once I made it same, the error gone.

In your case

implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.0'
implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.0.2'

are not same, so you just downgraded appcompat to

implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.0.2'

hence, your problem solved.

But you could also have solved if you could have upgraded support design version to

implementation 'com.android.support:design:27.1.0'

Go to the directory where you put additional libraries and delete duplicated libraries.

Changed all dependencies to compile rather than implementation, then I rebuild the project without errors. Then I switched back to implementation rather than leaving it as compile.

As android latest update doesn't support 'compile' keyword use 'implementation' in place inside your module build.gradle file.

And check thoroughly in build.gradle for dependancy with + sign like this.

implementation 'com.android.support:support-v4:28.+'

If there are any dependencies like this, just update them with a specific version. After that:

  1. Sync gradle.
  2. Clean your project.
  3. Rebuild the project.

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